ORNAMENTS, JEWELRY & ACCESSORY
OJA
CONTAINS INFORMATION ON ALL AREAS OF ORNAMENTATION INCLUDING
DESIGNS  *  JEWELRY  *  TEXTILES  *  DESIGNERS  *  MANUFACTURERS
PERFUMERS  *  HALLMARKS  *  HISTORICAL INFORMATION
TERMINOLOGY ASSOCIATED WITH ORNAMENTATION

 
E Within A Diamond - Jewelry trademark for Empress Novelty Jewelry Co., New York since 1958
E.B. Jewelry trademark used by Ed Benjamin & Sons, San Diego, Ca since 1955
E G V Jewelry trademark used by E & V Greenfield, New York beginning in 1946
EMJ Jewelry tradmark used by E.M. Johnson, Providence, RI
ER Jewelry trademark used by Ernest Rubinstein, New York since 1957
ESR Jewelry trademark used by Empire Smelting & Refining, Philadelphia PA for jewelry since 1962
EU Jewelry trademark used by Eugene Unger & Co New York, since 1962


EV *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY BLOCK RINGS CORP., RUFFALO, NY SINCE 1910

EWR *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY E.W.REYNOLDS CO., LOS ANGELES, CA. SINCE 1920

EAGLE HEAD *FIGURAL JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY OTSBY AND BARTON JEWLERY, PROVIDENCE, RI SINCE 1904.

EAR BRETTE *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK OF BEN HUR PRODUCTS, NEW YORK FOR A SPRAY EARRING/PIN C.1952

EAR CHARMERS       *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY CORO, NEW YORK SINCE 1956 FOR EARRINGS

EAR CLIP *ORNAMENT ATTACHED TO THE EAR LOBE IN TWO PARTS ONE CLOSING TO THE BACK AND THE
                                  BACK CLOSING TO THE FRONT.

EAR  FASHIONS * JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY LON L. WALLACE, SHOREHAM, LONG ISLAND FOR EARRINGS C. 1954

EAR MATES * JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY RALPH R. DADDIO/TRIFARI, KRUSSMAN & FISHEL FOR EARRINGS  C.1953

EAR RESISTIBLES     * JEWERLY TRADEMARK USED BY MERCURY RING CORP., NEW YORK  BEGINNING 1943

EARJOYS * JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY ANNA G. LENZ/THE PERFECTION MFG. CO. FOR CLIP EARRINGS   C.1954

EARLE, MARIE * PERFUMER - PARIS, FRANCE; C.1930'S; "ARC DE TRIOMPHE"

EARLINE * JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY HARRY MAILAND, NEW YORK FOR EARRINGS SINCE 1951.


EARRING                  *JEWELRY MADE TO BE WORN ON THE EAR LOBE. TH EARLIEST WERE LIGHTWEIGHT HOLLOW
                                 GOLD AND WERE   MADE WITH WIRE HOOKS WHICH WENT THROUGH PIERCED EAR LOBES.
                                 WIRE POSTS CAME AFTER 1900. FROM  1900-30 THERE WERE SCREW BACKS AND AF TER 1930
                                 CAME THE EAR CLIP. PIERCED THEN CAME BACK INTO  VOGUE AFTTER 1930 AND ALSO  THE
                                 PIERCELESS CLIP. EARRINGS WERE DECORATED WITH ANY NUMBER OF  GEMSTONES, SEMI-
                                 PRECIOUS AND PRECIOUS, GOLD AND SILVER, PEARLS AND PASTE BRILLIANTS.  PLATINUM
                                 CAME INTO EARRING USE AROUND 1913. LONG TASSEL EARRINGS WERE HIGH  STYLE DURING 1920-30.

 TYPES OF EARRINGS:
   ART DECO - USUALLY GEOMETRIC. ORIG. IN 1920'S REPOPULARIZED IN 1960'S.
   BALL - SHAPE OF A ROUND BEAD AND USUALLY SUSPENDED FROM A FINE CHAIN
   BUTTON - ROUND FLAT SHAPED LIKE A BUTTON. VARIOUS MATERIALS
   CHANDELIER - LONG DANGLING OVERSIZED USUALLY CRYSTAL OR OTHER ORNATE
   CHANGEABLE - MADE WITH SEVERAL TYPES OF INTERCHANGEABLE DISKS OR COVERS
   CLIP BACK - FASTENED TO THE EAR BY A SPRING CLIP - ORIG. C. 1930'S
   CLUSTER - GROUP OF PEARLS, CRYSTALS, STONES, ETC. FORMING A LARGE MOTIF
   DOOR KNOCKER - ELONGATED HOOPS HANGING FROM  EAR CLIP - MAY BE INTERCHANGEABLE
   DROP - SMALL BUTTON TOP WITH DANGLING PENDANT
   EAR BAND - CLIPS ON MIDDLE EDGE OF EAR WITH DANGLE HANDING DOWN OVER EAR
   GYPSY - LARGE METAL HOOPS INSPIRED BY BRASS EARRINGS WORN BY GYPSIES
   HOOP - CIRCLE OR OVAL OF VARIOUS MATERIALS WHICH SWINGS FREE FROM EAR FASTENING
   JACKET - VARIOUS COVERS THAT FIT OVER A POST, ETC. INTRODUCED IN 1980'S
   MOBILE - DELICATE WIRE "MOBILE SCULPTURES" CONSTANTLY IN MOTION AND BALANCED
   PEEK A BOO - FOR PIERCED EARS WITH SMALL OBJECTS SHOWING WHERE EAR IS PIERCED
   PENDANT - SAME AS DROP
   PIERCED - EARRING DESIGNED TO FIT THROUGH PIERCED EARS.
   PIERCED LOOK - FOR UNPIERCED EARS DESIGNED TO MAKE THEM LOOK PIERCED
   SCREW BACK - FOR UNPIERCED EARS. HAS SCREW STRUCTURE IN BACK OF EAR.
   WEDDING BAND - WIDE GOLD HOOPS
   WING BACK - TRADEMARK FOR EARRINGS WITH IS WORN INSIDE THE EAR ATTACHMENT
      DESIGNED BY JUDITH MCCANN IN 1950'S.
   WIRES - FOR PIERCED EARS. VARIOUS SHAPED WIRES SOMETIMES WITH DANGLING OBJECTS


EARRING FITTINGS   *MECHANISMS THAT HOLD THE EAR ORNAMENT IN PLACE ON THE EAR.  PIERCED FITTINGS
                                 INCLUDE THE VARIOUS "WIRE" OR POSTS. FOR UNPIERCED  EARS, CLIPS OR SCREWS ARE  USED.

EARRITE *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY MARCEL BOUCHER, NEW YORK FOR EARRINGS C. 1950

EARTHBEADS *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR ROBERT W. NICKLE, CHICAGO, ILL. FOR BEADED JEWELRY SINCE 1970

EBENDORF, ROBERT *CONTEMPORARY STUDIO JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST USING WHIMSICAL COLLAGE AS ONE OF
   HIS METHODS.

EBONEX *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY JACOBY-BENDER, INC., NEW YORK FOR FAUX GEMSTONE
                                    PIECES USED IN WATCHES, ETC. SINCE 1952

EBONITE *BLACK VULCANIZED RUBBER THAT WHEN CUT AND POLISHED CAN BE USED FOR COMBS,  CASES, BUTTONS AND OTHER ORNAMENTATION.

EBONY *BROWN/BLACK FINE GRAINED WOOD OFTEN USED IN BEADS

ECKFELDT & *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR THIS MFG. IN NEWARK, NJ WAS THE "ACORN" SINCE 1898.
    ACKLEY, INC.


  EDWARDIAN ERA      *THE REIGN OF EDWARD VII CHANGED THE VICTORIANISM INTO AN OPULENT, ELEGANT PERIOD
   (1901-1910)              WHICH  CONTRASTED SOCIAL VALUES . THE ELEGANCE IN COSTUME WITNESSED
                                   MILLINERY MAGIC RESULTING IN  THE "GLORY"   OF THE HATPIN ERA AS WELL AS
                                   INNOVATIONS OF ART NOUVEAU. JEWELRY ITEMS WERE  SCALED DOWN AND DAINTY PINS
                                   AND CONCEITS WERE AT THEIR BEST.

EDWARDIAN   *EXCELLENT QUALITY WITH PROFUSE USE OF DIAMONDS AND PLATINUM.
   JEWELRY         ALEXANDRA OF DENMARK, WIFE OF EDWARD, INFLUENCED THE JEWELRY
                                   DESIGNS AND POPULARIZED THE "DOG COLLAR" JEWELRY THAT SHE WORE
                                 TO CONCEAL A SURGICAL SCAR.  DESIGNS DURING THIS PERIOD INCLUDED
                                 LAUREL WREATHS, GOOD LUCK SYMBOLS, DOVES, HEARTS, DUCKS, FOXES,
                    SUN, STARS, MOON COMBINED WITH DIAMONDS, PEARLS, AMETHYST,
                    EMERALDS, PERIDOT AND AFTER 1910 - WHITE GOLD.


EFFIGY/EFFIGY       *PRE COLUMBIAN AND IN THE FORM OF A SMALL FIGURE SOMETIMES CALLED  QUIMBAYA
            FLASK         JEWELRY. THEIR  USE IS UNKNOWN BUT IT HAS BEEN SUGGESTED  THAT THEY MAY
                                HAVE CONTAINED A HALLUCINOGENIC  SUBSTANCE USED IN RELIGIOUS RITES.

EGYPTIAN  *GRAPHIC PROFILE USED BY PERE ORECK, SAN FRANCISCO, CA. AS JEWELRY TRADEMARK  SINCE 1948.

EISENBERG *PERFUMERY - CHICAGO, ILL.; C.1938 PERFUME "ENTICING", "STARTLING"


EISENBERG * JEWELRY MFG. FOUNDED BY AUSTRIAN JONAS EISENBERG ORIGINALLY AS A LADIES FASHION
    BUSINESS 1930-PRESENT IN CHICAGO .  HE BEGAN ADDING SPECTACULAR JEWELRY TO HIS
                                   DRESSES AND EVENTUALLY THE JEWLERY  BEGAN SELLING ON ITS OWN MARKED "EISENBERG
                                   ORIGINALS" SOMETIMES WITH THE LETTER "E"  IN SCRIPT.  STERLING SILVER WAS USED FOR
                                   SOME PIECES.  AFTER 1940 WHITE BASE METAL WAS USED IN  MOST PIECES. IN THE 1970'S AN
                                   ENAMEL DESIGN WAS USED AND ENVELOPED THE DESIGNS OF CHAGALL, BRAQUE, CALDER
                                   AND PICASSO. THE GRANDSON OF JONAS, KARL EISENBERG, HAS CONTINUED THE HIGH
                                   STANDARD OF JEWELRY DESIGN SINCE 1969.
                                                    EISENBERG ORIGINAL MARK 1935-1945     STERLING ITEMS 1941-1945
                                                    E. (IN SCRIPT) 1942-1945
                                                    EISENBERG /ICE  IN BLOCK LETTERS 1945-1958
                                                    EISENBERG ICE IN SCRIPT LETTERS 1970-PRESENT
                                                    NO MARK USED 1958-1970
EISENBERG ICE *       SEE ABOVE. THIS TRADEMARK BEGAN USE  C.1945/1950, WAS DISCONTINUED AND THEN
  RETURNED IN   THE 1970'S.  WORLD REKNOWN  FOR SUPERB JEWELRY. NOW REPRODUCING A
  LIMITED   NUMBER OF OLD BROOCH STYLES. THEY WILL BE MARKED "EISENBERG ICE CLASSIC" BY  GABRIELE
   GREINDL.  OLD STONES WILL BE USED AND THEY WILL BE EXACT REPRODUCTIONS  USING RHODIUM PLATED
  FINISH FOR SILVER. 


EISENSTADT * JEWELRY MFG., ST. LOUIS MO., MENS AND WOMENS ITEMS  SINCE 1893

EISLER, EVA *CONTEMPORARY STUDIO JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORN IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA. MOST DESIGNS ARE
   SMOOTH, LINEAR AND PLANAR RELATING HER LOVE OF THE ORDER OF GEOMETRY AND LOGIC.

EL SAH *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY LIPPMAN, SPIER & HAHN, NEW YORK BEGINNING 1923

ELBE       *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY MORRIS LACKOW, NEW YORK SINCE 1962

ELECTRA *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY COHN & ROSENBERGER, NEW YORK (CORO) SINCE 1931
   TRISEMBLE

ELECTROCLAD        *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR CELLINI CHARM CO., PROVIDENDE RI SINCE 1962

ELECTROPLATE       *ITEM THAT HAS BEEN COVERED OR COATED WITH A THIN LAYER OF METAL BY   ELECTROLYSIS.
      PROCESS          WAS DEVELOPED AROUND 1830 BUT NOT USED EXTENSIVELY UNTIL AROUND 1860. GOLD
                               FILLED OR ROLLED GOLD JEWELRY WORE FAR BETTER THAN  AN ELECTROPLATED PIECE.

ELECTRUM               *NATURALLY OCCURRING MIXTURE OF GOLD AND SILVER MENTIONED BY THE  ANCIENTS. WE
                                  CALL IT WHITE  GOLD NOWDAYS.

ELEGANTE' *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY CORO, INC., NEWY ORK SINCE 1948

ELEPHANT IVORY      *VARIETY OF IVORY FROM THE TUSKS OF ELEPHANTS (INCISOR TEETH) NOW ILLEGALLY
                                 OBTAINED. TRUE  IVORY IS THE TUSK OF THE ELEPHANT AND WAS HIGHLY PRIZED FOR
                                 JEWELRY, CARVING AND OTHER ORNAMENTATION. THIS ART IS NOW FROWNED UPON AND
                                  ILLEGAL IN MOST COUNTRIES.

ELGIN AMERICAN     *  TRADEMARK USED BY ELGIN AMERICAN MFG. FOR JEWELRY , COLLECTIBLE COMPACTS,
    CASES, ETC.  SINCE 1893  (THEY ARE A DIVISION OF ILLINOIS WATCH CASE CO.)

ELGIN CRAFT *   TRADEMARK USED BY ELGIN AMERICAN MFG. FOR VANITIES, COMPACTS, CIGARETTE HOLDERS,
                                     C.1930

ELIZABETH  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY ELIZABETH COWAN, WASHINGTON DC SINCE 1943
   ORIGINALS

ELIZABETH ARDEN    * MFG. OF COSTUME JEWELRY ITEMS AS WELL AS PERFUME AND COSMETICS. JEWELRY SINCE  1939

ELIZABETH  POST      * JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY THE LANDER CO./ELIZABETH POST, NEW YORK SINCE 1958

ELITE  *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY CORO SINCE 1948

EMBASSY  *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY ROSENBERT & CO., NEW YORK BEGINNING 1923

EMBRACELET *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY URUS SALES CORP., NEW YORK FOR BRACELETS SINCE 1943


EMERALD *PRECIOUS STONE - BERYLLIUM-ALUMINUM SILICATE. THE EMERALD IS
  REGARDED AS ONE OF THE MOST VALUABLE GEMSTONES.  THEY WERE
  DISCOVERED 3,000 YEARS AGO IN SOUTHEASTERN EGYPT.  MEDICINALLY
  THE EMERALD WAS SAID TO CURE EYE DISEASE AND EPILEPSY.  IT WAS
  KNOWN AS THE LOVESTONE AND ASSOCIATED WITH VENUS.  ORIENTAL
  CULTURES THOUGHT IT REPRESENTED IMMORTALITY AND HOPE.  THE
  EMERALD HAS BEEN EXHALTED IN POETRY AND LORE SURROUNDING
   SAILORS AND THEIR PROTECTION AT SEA.


EMMA MELENDEZ    *JEWELRY DESIGNER OPENING A SHOP IN MEXICO IN  1953. MOST PIECES WERE SILVER  AND
                                 WERE SIGNED "EMMA"/SOMETIMES THE INITIALS EM WERE USED.

EMME.GI.VI. * PERFUMER - MILAN, ITALY, C.1920'S; "AMPOLLE"

EMJ *E.M. JOHNSON AND COMPANY, PROVIDENCE RI/COSTUME JEWELRY

EMMONS * JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY EMMONS JEWELERS, NEWARK, NY BEGINNING 1949 - 1981

EMMOLITE *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY EMMONS JEWELERS, NEWARK, NY BEGINNING 1955

EMPRESS *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY EMPRESS PEARL SYNDICATE, LOS ANGELES, CA. FOR FAUX
                                   PEARL JEWELRY BEGINNING 1942

EMPRESS OF INDIA   *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY STIX, BAER & FULLER CO., ST. LOUIS, MO. FOR NECKLACES  C. 1919


ENAMELLING              *ART OF DECORATION USING A VITREOUS SUBSTANCE USUALLY MELTED INTO PLACE IN A KILN.
                                  THERE ARE  DIFFERENT METHODS OF ENAMELING:

                                    CHAMPLEVE - WHERE METAL DIVISIONS ARE REMOVED BY CHASING THEN
                                                         THE ENAMEL IS APPLIED AND FIRED.
                                   BASSE-TAILLE-THE DESIGN IS CARED AT THE BASE AND COVERED WITH THE
                                                           ENAMEL - THE DESIGN SNOWS THROUGH.
                                   PLIQUE-A-JOUR - FINE WIRES ARE USED FOR DESIGN AND REMOVED AFTER
                                                              FIRING. A STAINED GLASS EFFECT IS THE RESULT.
                                   CLOISONNE:  WIRES ARE AGAIN USED TO SEPARATE THE DESIGN TO
                                                        SEPARATE  COLORS. WIRES REMAIN.
                                   GRISAILLE -   SIMILAR TO BASSE-TAILLE EXCEPT USING ONLY BLACKS,
                                                         WHITE AND  GRAYS.
                                   ENAMEL JEWELRY WAS VERY POPULR IN THE RENAISSANCE AND REEMERGED IN THE 19TH
                                   CENTURY. USED  PROFUSELY IN ART NOUVEAU PERIOD.  REKNOWN ARTISTS- CARLO
                                   GIULIANO , CARL FABERGE'. RENE LALIQUE, LOUIS TIFFANY


ENCHANTRESS *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PAKULA AND CO., CHICAGO, IL. BEGINNING IN 1946

ENCORE *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY A.H. POND, CO., INC., SYRACUSE, NY SINCE 1949

END OF THE DAY      *GLASS - IN JEWELRY BEADS MADE FROM THE ENDS OF GLASS CANES USED AT THE "END OF
                                  THE DAY" AND MADE INTO BEADS AND OTHER DECORATIVE ARTICLES.


ENGRAVING              *INCISING OR CARVING A LINEAR DESIGN WITH A SHARP TOOL.  SOME ENGRAVING
                                   TECHNIQUES ARE WOODCUT,  LINOCUT, LINE ENGRAVING, DRYPOINT,  ETCHING,
                                   MEZZOTINT, AQUATINE, WOOD ENGRAVING, INTAGLIO  ENGRAVING.
                                   USED AS A GENERIC TERM FOR MULTIPLE PRINTS. AFTER THE ENGRAVING IS DONE ON
                                   WOOD STONE,  METAL ETC. IT IS INKED AND IMPRESSIONS ARE  TAKEN. (SEE ETCHING)
                                   INTAGLIO ENGRAVING - THE INK LIES IN THE ENGRAVED FURROWS RATHER THAN  ON
                                    SMOOTH SURFACE.
                                    LINE ENGRAVING - LINES OF VARIOUS WIDTHS CUT INTO COPPER.
                                    DRYPOINT ENGRAVING - MADE WITH A NEEDLE INSTEAD OF THE STEEL CUTTING
                                                                              TOOL. SIMPLEST OF ALL ENGRAVING TECHNIQUES.
                                     MEZZOTINT - ENGRAVED BY SCRAPING OR BURNISHING A ROUGH SURFACE
                                                           TO PRODUCE LIGHT AND SHADE.
                                      AQUATINT - FORM OF INTAGLIO WHICH PRODUCES TONES. DONE WITH NITRIC  ACID
                                                          AND GIVES EFFECT  SIMILAR TO WATER COLOR.


ENTERLINE, SANDRA  *CONTEMPORARY STUDIO JEWERLY DESIGNER/ARTIST USING THE INDUSTRIAL FORMS AS
    A BASE FOR HER DESIGNS.

ENTWINED LOVE       *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY FEATURE RINGS CO., NEW YORK BEGINNING 1947

ERINIDE   *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY L. HELLER & SON, INC., NEW YORK BEGINNING IN 1930

EROTIC                       *JEWELRY OR OBJECTS WITH EROTIC DECORATIVE MOTIFS SUCH AS A PHALLUS.   EROTIC
                                    JEWELRY HAS BEEN MADE THROUGHOUT THE CENTURIES.

ESCABELLE          *EARLY FRENCH TERM FOR A STOOL OR CHAIR SUPPORTED ON TRESTLES.

ESCAPADE           * JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY GEMEX COMPANY, UNION NJ FOR WATCH BRACELETS C. 1954

ESCLAVAGE (FRENCH)     *MEANING SLAVERY. USED IN JEWELRY AS MEANING TYPES OF NECK ORNAMENTS
                                          COMPOSED OF CHAINS OR STRINGS OF BEADS OR JEWELS IN WHICH THE CHAINS
                                          OR STRING HANG APPROXIMATELY  EQUIDISTANT FROM EACH OTHER.

ESCUTCHEON                    *(ES KUCH UN)SMALL METAL PLATE USED ATOP AN ORNAMENT OR RING FOR A   MONOGRAM
                                                   OR SIGNET.

ESEMCO *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY SHIMAN MFG. CO., NEWARK, NJ FOR PRECIOUS AND SEMI
                                    PRECIOUS JEWELRY BEGINNING IN 1921.

ESPO-FLEX *JEWELRY  MFG., PROVIDENCE RI SINCE 1951

ESSENCE D'ORIENT  *JEWELRY OR OBJECTS COATED WITH A SUBSTANCE TO CREATE AN IRRIDESCENT   EFFECT.

ESSENCE OF SPRING *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY M & M MFG., PROVIDENCE, R. SINCE 1954

ESTHER REECE           *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR ESTHER REECE, INC. NEW YORK USED SINCE 1957

ESTRELLITA                *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY OBER MFG. CO., PAWTUCKET, RI BEGINNING IN 1950

  ESTOILE BY    * JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY TRIFARI, KRUSSMAN & FISHEL, INC.  NEW YORK, SINCE 1961
       TRIFARI

  ETCHING    *METHOD OF DECORATING METAL OR GLASS BY USE OF AN ACID.
                                   *IN JEWELRY CUTTING A DESIGN OR PATTERN INTO METAL WITH THE USE OF ACID.

ETHEREAL    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY AVON PRODUCETS, INC., NEW YORK SINCE 1971

ETRUSCAN ORDER       *ALSO THE TUSCAN ORDER. A ROMAN VARIATION OF THE SIMPLE DORIC ORDER.

ETRUSCAN STYLE        *FRENCH STYLE OF INTERIOR DESIGN DURING THE LAST PHAS OF LOUIS XVI. IT WAS
                                     CHARACTERIZED BY  AUSTERITY OF LINE AND ORNAMENT.

ETHNIC                         *TERM USED TO MEAN PRIMITIVE, FOLKSY, THIRD WORLD.

ETUI                              *FRENCH MEANING A SMALL ORNAMNTED CASE CONTAINING MINATURE IMPLEMENTS  FOR A
                                         WOMAN'S DAILY USE  SUCH AS TINY KNIFE, WRITING TABLET, PENCIL,  SCISSORS, ETC. SIMILAR
                                        TO THOSE USED WITH A CHATELAINE.


   FOR MIRIAM HEUGENE *JEWELRY DESIGNER 1950-1960 IN THE "HASKELL STYLE". HE WAS ORIGINALLY A DESIGNER
HASKELL. HIS DESIGNS WERE ONLY AVAILABLE FOR A SHORT TIME AND ARE
   PRIZED FOR THE DELICATE BEADWORK AND USE OF CRYSTALS IN THE COLLAGE STYLE.


EVANS *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR EVANS CASE CO. NORTH ATTLEBORO, MA, USED FOR COMPACTS   SINCE 1948
 *  QUALITY  ACCESSORY CASE MFG. - COMPACTS, LIGHTERS, CIGARETTE CASES, ETC.

EVE *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY EVE NATHANSON, EAST GREENWICH, RI SINCE 1939

EVERFINE *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK OF EVERFINE JEWELRY MFG., PROVIDENCE, RI FOR NOVELTY JEWELRY   C. 1945

EVYAN * PERFUMER - NY NY: C.1940'S; "WHITE SHOULDERS"

EXCELL *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY EXCELL MFG. CO., PROVIDENCE RI SINCE 1936

EXOTICA *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY LESLIE CLAYMOUNG, JACKSON HEIGHTS NY, SINCE 1937

EYE BEAD *TYPE OF BEAD MADE FROM ANCIENT TO PRESENT DAY IN MANY TYPES  OF ORNAMENTATION BUT
                                  ALL FOCUSING   ON AN "EYE" DESIGN. IN ANCIENT TIMES THESE WERE THOUGHT TO WARD OFF
                                  THE "EVIL EYE".


EYEGLASSES *ORIGINALLY CALLED SPECTACLES, THIS ACCESSORY IS WORN OVER THE EYES EITHER TO IMPROVE THE VISION OR TO PROTECT THE EYES. FIRST INTRODUCED IN ITALY LATE 13TH CENTURY AND WERE AN INDICATION OF    WISDOM AS FEW  PEOPLE COULD READ. COLORED LENSES WERE INTRODUCED DURING THE 17TH CENTURY. GLASS ES ACTUALLY BECAME A FASHION ACCESSORY DURING THE 1960'S.

 TYPES OF EYEGLASSES:
   AVIATORS - LENS ARE WIDER AT SIDES OF FACE SLOPING TOWARDS THE NOSE. ALSO CALLED FLYBOYS
   BEN FRANKLIN - SMALL ELLIPTICAL OR OBLONG WITH DELICATE METAL FRAMES. ALSO CALLED GRANNY GLASSES
   BIFOCALS - LENSES ARE DIVIDED IN PARTS FOR NEAR AND FAR  VISION.
   BUG EYED - BULGING CONVEX GLASSES LIKE THE EYES OF AN INSECT
   BUTTERFLY - RIMLESS SUNGLASSES WITH LENSES LIKE A BUTTERFLY'S WINGS C. 1960'S
   COURREGES - INTRODUCED IN 1965 BY ANDRE' COURREGES. HAVE STRIP OF OPAQUE PLASTIC WHICH
     CIRCLES THE FACE TO EARS. CENTER HAS TINTED SLIVER OF GLASS OR PLASTIC.
   GOGGLES - PROTECTIVE GLASSES USUALLY WITH SHATTERPROOF LENSES.
   HALF - USED FOR READING. SHALLOW LENSES FOR LOOKING OVER THE TOP
   HARLEQUIN - DIAMOND SHAPED LENSES
   HORN RIMS  - HEAVY RIMS OF DARK HORN OR MOTTLED BROWN PLASTIC. POPULAR IN 1940-50'S.
   LENNON - CIRCLULAR METAL RIMMED LENSES WITH THIN METAL BOWS. NAMED FOR JOHN LENNON
   LORGNETTE (LORN-YET) - ATTACHED TO A HANDLE AND USUALLY HINGED SO THEY CAN BE FOLDED.
      ORIG. FRENCH LORGNER MEANING "TO SPY OR PEEP".
   LOUVRE - MOLDED PLASTIC WITH TILTED SLATS LIKE VENETIAN BLINDS. FRENCH 1980'S
   MONOCLE - SINGLE EYEGLASS USED ONLY ON ONE EYE. USUALLY SUSPENDED FROM A CHAIN
   OPERA - BINOCULARS USED FOR CLOSE UP VIEWING AT THEATRES, ETC. SOME ORNATE.
   OWL - EXTRA GLASSES WITH WIDE HEAVY RIMS
   PINCE-NEZ (PANTS NAY) EYEGLASSES WITH NO EAR PIECES AND KEPT IN PLACE BY A SPRING
     GRIPPING THE BRIDGE OF THE NOSE.
   RIMLESS - ATTACHED TO METAL NOSE PIECE AND EAR PIECES BUT NOT OUTLINED BY THE FRAME.
   SAFETY - MADE OF UNBREAKABLE MATERIALS. SEE GOGGLES
   SHADES - SLANG FOR SUNGLASSES
   SPECS - SLANG FOR SPECTACLES
   SUNGLASSES - DARK COLORED LENSES TO CUT SUN GLARE. INVENTED C. 1885.
   TORTOISE SHELL - FRAMES MADE FROM TORTOISE OR FAUX TORTOISE
   TRIFOCALS - CORRECT VISION WITH THREE STAGE LENSE
   WRAPAROUND - SUNGLASSES WITH HEADBAND TYPE RIM WITH PLACE FOR INSERTION OF LENSE.