ORNAMENT, JEWELRY & ACCESSORY
OJA
    CONTAINSINFORMATION ON ALL AREAS OF ORNAMENTATION INCLUDING
DESIGNS *  JEWELRY  *  TEXTILES  *  DESIGNERS  * MANUFACTURERS
PERFUMERS *  HALLMARKS  *  HISTORICAL INFORMATION
TERMINOLOGYASSOCIATED WITH ORNAMENTATI ON
F

F    *TRADEMARK FOR FISHER  & cO., NEWARK NJ FOR JEWELRY SINCE 1948

F    *IN SCRIPT - TRADEMARK FOR FORSTNER , INC. IRVINGTON, NJ SINCE 1962

F      *IN HORIZONTAL DIAMOND - TRADEMARK FOR MAURICE GOLDSTEIN/FRANCO AMERICAN   JEWLERY,
            PHILADELPHIA  SINCE 1926

FAJ    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR FACET JEWELRY CO., NEW YORK SINCE 1962

FB    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR JACK FISHER, NEW YORK SINCE 1962

FC    *IN AN OVAL - TRADEMARK FOR LOSSAU & KRAMER, CHICAGO, IL. SINCE 1934

FC    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR FORSTNER CHAIN CORP. IRVINGTON, NJ SINCE 1920

FF    *IN CIRCLE - TRADEMARK FORWALTHAM WATCH CO., SINCE 1962 (COSTUME JEWELRY AS WELL AS WATCHES.)

FGC    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR GEORGE COLBERT/FASCINATION JEWELRY, BEVERLY HILLS, CA since 1962

FJ    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR FRENCH JEWELRY CO., PHILADELPHIA PA. SINCE 1933

FLW    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR FRANK L. WILMARTH CO, CHICAGO, ILL. SINCE 1964

F.M.CO    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FORFINBERG MFG. CO., ATTLEBORO, MASS. SINCE 1944

FN    *INTERSECTING A BROKEN TRIANGLE - TRADEMARK OF FERRO NOVELTY  CO.., JOHNSTON, RI since 1962

FRG    *FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY

FRL    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR FEDERATED DEPT. STORES/F&R LAZARUS & CO., COLUMBUS, OH. since 1962



FABERGE'        *JEWERLY TRADEMARK FOR SAMUEL RUBIN, NEW YORK SINCE 1940

FABERGE        *PERFUMER - NEW YORK C. 1930'S. "APHRODISIA", "TIGRESS"; ALSO COSMETICS LINE

FABERGE'  , PETER CARL         *1846-1920 - GOLDSMITH OF FRENCH DESCENT WHO LIVED IN RUSSIA. REKNOWN RUSSIAN
       DESIGNER AND ARTISAN OF SOME OF THE WORLD'S MOST EXQUISITE WORKS OF ART IN
                             JEWELRY  AND OBJECTS D'ART USING PRECIOUS GEMS.  NOTED FOR THE IMPERIAL EASTER
                             EGGS THAT  WERE PRESENTED TO TSARS ALEXANDER III AND NICHOLAS II.

FABIL        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR FABIL MFG., NEW YORK FOR BOYS AND GIRLS JEWELRY SINCE 1945

FACE BEAD        *TYPEOF BEAD WITH A FACE DESIGN. OLDER FACE BEADS ARE VERY COLLECTIBLE.

FACET        *SMALL FLAT SURFACES CUT ONTO A GEMSTONE TO ENHANCE THE SPARKLE.

FACETED    *BEAD OR STONE WITH FLATTENED CUT OR GROUND REFLECTIVE SURFACES. POLISHED  AND   REFLECTIVE.

FACO        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR FELCH-ANDERSON CO., PROVIDENCE RI SINCE 1946

FACTOR, MAX        *PERFUMER, HOLLYWOOD, CA. C. 1940'S. "GOLDEN LAVENDER", "TROCADERO", LATER COSMETICS MFG

FAHRNER, THEODOR         *1868-1928 - JEWELRY MFG. IN PFORZHEIM, GERMANY - MASS PRODUCED USUALLY IN   LOW CARAT GOLD
                                                   OR SILVER. HIS MARK IS "TF" BLOCK INSIDE A CIRCLE.

FAIRY QUEEN    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR ORIGINALITIES OF NEW YORK, LONG ISLAND, FOR CHILDRENS
                                                                 CHILDRENS JEWELRY SINCE 1953

FAIRYLAND    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR B.B. GREENBERG, PROVIDENCE, RI  FOR CHILDRENS JEWELRY SINCE
     1962.

FALA    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR AURELIA BACHMAN, NEW YORK SINCE 1945

FAMOUS     *PERFUMER - CHICAGO, ILL. C. 1950'S; "TRUE LOVE"  (ALSO KNOWN AS VALMORE PRODUCTS)
  PRODUCTS



FAN                *FLAT OR FLUTED CLOTH OR PAPER MOUNTED ON A FRAME EITHER PERMANENTLY OR ABLE TO BE
                       EXPANDED AND FOLDED. USED FOR FANNINGAND AS A DRESS ACCESSORY. USED IN VICTORIAN
                       ERA FOR FLIRTING AND CONVEYINGMESSAGES JUST AS IN THE GIVING AND WEARING OF FLOWERS.
                                                                   THE LANGUAGE OF THE FAN
         "FAN" ACTION    *        MEANING
        CARRYING IN RIGHT HAND IN FRONT OF FACE    FOLLOW ME!
        CARRY IN LEFTHAND        I DESIRE YOUR ACQUAINTANCE
        TWIRLING IN LEFT HAND        I WISH TO BE RID OF YOU
        DRAWING FAN ACROSS THE FOREHEAD    WE ARE BEING WATCHED
        DRAWING FAN ACROSS THE CHEEK        I LOVE YOU
        TWIRLING IN RIGHT HAND        I LOVE SOMEONE ELSE
        CLOSING FAN            I WISH TO TALK WITH YOU
        DRAWING FAN ACROSS THE EYES        I AM SORRY
        RESTING FAN ON RIGHT CHEEK        YES
        RESTING FAN ON LEFT CHEEK         NO
        OPEN AND SHUTFAN         YOU ARE CRUEL
        DROPPING FAN            WE ARE FRIENDS
        FANNING SLOWLY        I AM MARRIED
        FANNING FAST            I AM ENGAGED
        OPEN FAN WIDE           WAIT FOR ME
                                                 (LET'S HOPE THE LADIES KNEW THEIR LEFT FROM RIGHT!)


FANCY     *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FORAVON PRODUCTS, NEW YORK SINCE 1971
  NOTIONS

FANITE    *JEWELRY TRADEAMARK FOR ATLAS CREATIONS, NEW YORK SINCE 1942 FOR PLASTIC JEWELRY

FARA    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR BEN BERCHMAN & CO., NEW YORK SINCE 1952

FASHION ART    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR MAYER BROS., SEATTLE, WA. SINCE 1957

FASHION    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR LOSSAU & KRAMER, CHICAGO, IL. SINCE 1934
  CRAFT

FASHION FLAIR      *J EWELRY TRADEMARK FOR CORO, INC., NEW YORK SINCE 1957

FASHION FUN    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR INTERNATIONAL ASSEMBLIX CORP., TOLEDO, OH. SINCE 1971

FASHION    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR BERGER JEWELRY MFG., ST. LOUIS, MO.  SINCE 1941.  MARK
  GUILD        INCORPORATED THE USE OF SILOUETTES WITHIN AN OVAL WITH THE NAME.
 

FASHION    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY AVON PRODUCTS, NEW YORK SINCE 1971
  STATEMENTS


Fashion Styles
FASHION STYLES    *THE COMPLETE ACCESSORIZED "LOOK" INTRODUCED BY CHRISTIAN DIOR C. 1947 AND
     INFLUENCED BY YOUNGER GENERATIONS, SOCIAL EVOLUTION, MOVEMENTS AND EVENTS
     AS WELL AS ENTERTAINMENT AND CELEBRITY FIGURES.


     THE "LOOKS" AND THEIR DATES(DATES GIVEN ARE POPULARITY ERAS)


     AFRO - USEOF COLORFUL AFRICAN GARMENTS POPULARIZED IN 1960'S-1970'S.
     AMERICAN INDIAN - INSPIRED BY BEADING, TRIM, DOESKIN, TURQUOISE C. 1970'S
     ANDROGYNOUS - POSSESSING BOTH MALE AND FEMALE APPEAL. I.E. BOY GEORGE
     ANNIE HALL - BAGGY PANTS, CAHLLIS SKIRTS, SHAWLS, ETC. FROM MOVIE ANNIE HALL 1977
     APRES SKI - SKI RESORT WEAR C.1960'S. VESTS, BOOTS, COLORFUL SPORTSWEAR
     ART DECO - GEOMETRIC INSPIRED BY EXPOSITION INTERNATIONAL DES ARTS DECORATIFS
        MODERNES, PARIS IN 1925.
     ART NOUVEAU - (AR NOO VO) LATE19TH-EARLY 20TH CENTURY. NATURAL FORMS, SYLIZED DESIGNS
     ATTIC - 1970'S - OLD CLOTHES FOUND INATTICS
     BABY DOLL - 1950'S CHILDISH LOOK, PLEATS, SHORT PAJAMAS. MOVIE "BABY DOLL" C.1957
     BARE - 1970'S TINY HALTERS, BIKINIS, PLUNGING DECOLLEGATE
     BONNIE AND CLYDE - 1967 - REVIVAL OF 1930'S SILHOUETTE, ABOVE THE KNEE SKIRT, 3 PIECE
        SUIT W/V NECK - PINSTRIPE GANSTER SUITES.
     BOY GEORGE - SEE ANDROGYNOUS
     BRITISH - CONSERVATIVE ELEGANTSAVILLE ROW 1960'S
     BROOKS BROTHERS - TRADITIONAL WELL TAILORED LOOK, BUTTON DOWN COLLAR, IVY LEAGUE
     CARNABY - MOD  1964 - MINI SKIRTS, BELL BOTTOMS, NEWSBOY CAPS, ETC. NAMED AFTER CARNABY
        STREET, A LONDON BACK STREET.
     CASUAL - INFORMAL LOOK OF PANTS, SHIRTS AND SPORTSJACKETS.
     CHELSEA - CENTERED AROUND KINGS ROAD IN LONDON c.1940-50'S. TIGHT JEANS, OLD UNIFORMS
     CHINESE - ORIENTAL STYLES COOLIE COATS, CHINESE PAJAMAS, MANDARIN COATS, COLLARS.
     COSMONAUT - JUMPSUITS AND HELMETS C. 1963. FEATURED BY SAINT LAURENT.
     COUNTRY WESTERN - OVERALLS, STRAW HATS, GINGHAM DRESSES - "OKLAHOMA" LOOK
     COURREGES - ABOVE THE KNEE SKIRTS W/WHITE CALF LENGTH BOOTS. C. 1965.
     CUIR SAVAGE - LEATHER/WET LOOK
     DANDY - EDWARDIAN BUT W/RUFFLES AT NECK AND WRISTS.
     DENIM - JEANS, DRESSES, SKIRTS,  REPOPULARIZED AS SCHOOL, POPULAR WEAR C. 1970
     EDWARDIAN - 1900'S NIPPED WAISTLINES, CAPES, NECK RUFFLES
     ETHNIC - 1960-180'S ADOPTION OF CLOTHING AND ACCESSORIES REFLECTING NATIVE COUNTRIES
     FLAPPER - 1920'S LOOK OF KNEE LENGTH, LONG WAISTED BLOUSON AND CHEMESE TYPE DRESSES
       BOBBED HAIR W/BROW BAND AND LONG ROPES OF PEARLS.
     FLASHDANCE - DANCEWEAR ADOPTEDFOR FASHION - TIGHTS, LOOSE OVERSIZED SWEATS. C.1983
     FLEA MARKET - OLD CLOTHING//ACCESSORIES FROM FORMER ERAS SOLD AT FLEA MARKETS.
     FUNKY - 1969 - ANTIQUE ATTIC LOOK - LIMP FADED DRESSES, OLD FASHION PRINTS, PLATFORM SHOES
         OVERSIZED AND BAGGY HOBO STYLES.
                                 G-MEN - POPULARIZED BY ELLIOT NESS/BROWN SUITED LOOK - SEE BONNIE AND CLYDE
     GANYMEDE - LOOK OF ANCIENT GREECE REVIVED 1969 W/SHIRT/TUNIC SLASHED TO HIP AND SANDALS.
     GAUCHO - 1960-70'S REVIVAL OF CALF LENGTH FULL CULOTTE TYPE PANTS, FULL SLEEVE BLOUSE AND BOLERO
         HAT, ETC.
     GIBSON GIRL - ROMANTIC REINTRODUCED 1967. HIGH CHOKER COLLARS, TUCKED WAISTLINES AND LACY BLOUSES.
         ALSO LEG OF MUTTON SLEEFES AND HAIR WORN UP IN POMPADOUR STYLE. ORIGINATED W/CHARLES DANA
         GIBSON'S MAGAZINE SKETCHES C. 1895-1910.
    GRAFFITI - ABSTRACT DESIGNS, PIECED FABRICS, LEATHER AND VINYL, BLOBS OF PAINT.  1970'S - PUNK
    GRANNY - ANKLE LENGTH DRESSES, SMALLCALICO PRINTS. POPULARIZED IN ENGLAND EARLY 1960'S AND
         REVIVED IN AMERICA C. LATE 1960'S
     GYPSY - COLORFUL FARMENTS, FULL SKIRTS, BLOUSES, SCARFS, SHAWLS. REVIVED 1960'S.
     HAREM - NEAR EAST. FULL ANKLE HAREM PANTS. LAVISH JEWELRY, CHAINS. REVIVED 1960-1980'S
     HARLOW - 1920-30'S BIAS CUT DRESSES, WIDE LEGGED CUFFED PANTS FOR WOMEN. FROM JEAN HARLOW.
     HIGH TECH - UNUSUAL FEATURES, TECHNOLOGY FABRICS, EASY CARE, NEONS, 1984 +.
     HIPPIE - DISHEVELED LOOK,  LONG SKIRTS, FRAYED JEANS, LONG HAIR, FRINGED SUEDE, BARE FEET AND
        LONG HIPPIE BEADS
     HUNT - POPULARIZED 1984 - RIDING APPAREL, TWEEDS, BOOTS
     JAPANESE - UNFITTED, KIMONO STYLE, ONE SIZE GARMENTS
     KILTIE - SKIRTS CUT LIKE KILTSW/KNEE SOCKS. GLENGARRY CAPS AND TAMS. REVIVED 1960'S
     LAURA ASHEL Y - SMALL VICTORIAN PRINTS ON COTTON - GARDEN PARTY PRINTS.
     LAYERED - SEVERAL GARMENTS WORN AT ONCE. 1960-70'S.
     LEATHER - NATURAL SUEDE, POPULARIZED IN 1984 FOR WET LOOK
     LITTLE GIRL - SEE BABY DOLL. ANKLE SOCKS AND MARY JANE SHOES 1960'S REVIVAL.
     LUNAR - METALLIC JUMPSUITS, SEE COSMONAUT. 1960'S
     MAXI - ANKLE LENGTH STYLE - LATE 1960'S. GRANNY LOOK.
     MICHAEL JACKSON - MULTI ZIPPERED JACKETS, WHITE SOCKS, BLACK LOAFERS, GLOVED HAND 1980'S
     MIDI - MID CALF STYLE C. 1967 FOR COATS. tHE ZHIVAGO LOOK.
     MILITLARY - UNIFORMS, BRASS BUTTONS, MEDALS, WEARING OF ARMY'NAVY SURPLUS STORES.
         1960'S.
     MINI - SHORT THIGH LENGTH SKIRTS 1960'S.
     MOD - ORIG. ENGLAND C. 1960'S.MINISKIRTS.  BEATLES STYLES. MARY QUANT, BRITISH DESIGNER.
   NAUTICAL - NAVY UNIFORM STYLES, RED, WHITE AND BLUE - 1960'S. YACHTING WEAR. POPULAR
        ORIGINALLY C. 1860'S.
     NEW WAVE PUNK - RIPPED SHIRTS,MOHAWK, SPIKY HAIR, ORANGE PINK. 1970'S
     NO BRA - 1960'S LOOK - THEN CAME TOPLESS - THEN CAME "BARE"
     NOMAD - PATTERNED FABRICS, EMBROIDERY. REVIVAL 1968.
     PAPER DOLL - FEATURED BY ANNE FOGARTY C. 1950-55 W/FITTED WAIST AND BOUFFANT SKIRT.
     PATCHWORK - INTRODUCED BY ST. LAURENT C. 1969 BY USING "PATCHES" OF VARIOUS FABRICS
         TO CREATE A COUNTRY CRAFT LOOK.
     PRAIRIE - REVIVED 1970'S - LONG DRESSES, CALICO MATERIALS, HIGH NECKLINES.
     PREPPY - USING HIGH QUALITY, DESIGNED TRADEMARKS, IVY LEAGUE, WOOL/CASHMERE, CHINO
         ALSO SEE  BROOKS BROTHERS.
     PUNK - LONDON IN 1970'S. PASTYWHITE MAKEUP, BRIGHT COLOR HAIR, LEATHER, STUD DECORATIONS
         DOG CHAINS AROUND THE NECK,.

RETRO - FROM PAST ERAS
     RICH PEASANT - LATE 1960'S. PEASANT AND NATIVE FABRICS. MIDI LENGTHS W/EMBROIDERY
     ROCKER - BRITISH 1950'S. STORMTROOPER AND MOTOCYCLE LOOK W/CRASH HELMET, TIGHT JEANS.
     ROMANTIC - FRILLS, RUFFLES ANDLACE. VICTORIAN LOOK. REVIVED 1967-
     RUSSIAN - 1976-77 BY SAINT LAURENT -RUSSIAN DRESSES AND COSSACK HATS.
     SAFARI - REVIVED 1967 BY DIOR.BUSH JACKET, BELTS, HANDBAGS, ETC.
     TEDDY BOY - LONDON 1950'S OF EDWARDIAN JACKETS, HIGH STIFF COLLARS AND POINTY TOE SHOES.
        WORN BY MEN. GREASED HAIR ANDNO HATS.
     TEDDY GIRL - FAD FOR GIRLS IN 1950'S W'SHORT TIGHT SKIRTS AND VERY HIGH HEEL SHOES WITH
        POINTED TOES. HIGH BEEHIVE HAIRSTYLES. ALSO LONDON BORN FAD.
     TYROLEAN - AUSTRIAN TYROL DRESS - DIRNDL SKIRTS, EMBROIDERY VESTS, KNEE SOCKS
     UNISEX - WORN BY MALE OR FEMALE. INTRODUCED IN 1968. CONTINUED POPULARITY. SWEATS, SWEATERS
     VINTAGE - DRESS AND ACCESSORIES FROM PAST ERAS. 1980'S POPULARITY. ALSO ATTIC LOOK.
     V SHAPE - HUGE SHOULDERS AND OVERSIZED BLOUSES WITH NARROW TIGHT SKIRTS. 1983'
     WESTERN - TIGHT JEANS, COWBOY BOOTS, HATS, 1960'S , 1980'S CONTINUED LOOK IN DUDE JEANS,
         DENIM, LEVIS, WANGLERS.
     WET - 1968 - USING VERY SHINY,LEATHER, VINYL FABRICS. REVIVED 1980'S.
     ZHIVAGO - RUSSIAN INSPIRED. OVERBLOSES, HIGH COLLARS, MIDI LENGTH COATS, BOOTS.


FASHION     *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY COHN & ROSENBERGER, INC. NEW YORK SINCE 1931
  SQUARE

FASHIONATA    *JEWELRY TRADEMARKFOR CORO, INC., NEW YORK SINCE 1960

FASHIONATIONS    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY FEDERATED DEPT. STORES/FILENE'S & SONS, CINCINNATI, Ohio since 1953

FASHIONLANE    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY ARNO WRAZLOWSKY/FASHIONLANE JEWELRY, PROVIDENCE Ri/since 1920

FAUBY    *PERFUMER IN PARIS, FRANCE; 1930'S; "KIS ROYALE"

FAVEY, DOMINIQUE   *JEWELRY DESIGNER BORN 1953 IN BADEN BADEN FRG.

FAZE III    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY KEN ORIGINALS LTD., NEW YORK FOR COSTUME JEWELRY KITS
                                                                         SINCE 1970.

FEATHAGOLD    *JEWELRY TRADEMARKUSED BY ACCESSOCRAFT, NEW YORK FOR PLASTIC PLATED COSTUME
                                             JEWELRY ITEMS AND ACCESSORIES SINCE 1945

FEATHER    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR RA-CE TOOL & METAL STAMPINGS, NEW YORK SINCE 1946(PRINTED)
  TOUCH      *ALSO USED BY ALICE JEWELRY CO., PROVIDENCE RI (MARK IN SCRIPT) SINCE 1955

FEATHERETTE        *JEWLERY TRADEMARK USED BY CLAIR C. THOMAS, AULT, CO. FOR "FEATHER" JEWELRY C. 1953

FEATHERING    *A DRAGGED OR PULLED PATTERN USED FOR ORNAMENTATION.

FEATHERWEIGHT    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR GREENBAUM NOVELTY, NEW YORK, SINCE 1947 - INCORPORATED
                                                                     THE FIGURE OF A FLAMINGO.

FEATURE-FLASH     *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR FEATURE RING CO., NEW YORK SINCE 1940

FEATURE LOCK    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR FEATURE RING CO., NEW YORK SINCE 1946

FEDWAY    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY FEDERATED DEPT. STORES, CINCINNATI, OH, SINCE 1952

FEILER, UTE    *JEWELRY DESIGNERBORN IN ERFURT GDR IN 1941.

FELDSPAR    *SEMI PRECIOUS GEMSTONES SUCH AS AMAZONITE, MOONSTONE AND LABRADORITE.

FERAUD,LOUIS        *PERFUMER IN PARIS, FRANCE; 1907'S; "FANTASQUE". ALSO DESIGNED FRAGRANCES FOR AVON

FERRAGAMO    *ONE OF THE TOP ITALIAN FASHION, JEWELRY AND ACCCESSORY DESIGNERS.

FERRIS    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FORJACK FERRIS, SPRINGFIELD GDNS., NY SINCE 1961

FERRONIERE            *CHAIN WITH JEWEL AT THE FRONT WORN ON A LADY'S HEAD. THE TITLE COMES FROM AN ART
                                 WORK IN THE LOUVRE OF "LA BELLE FERRIONIERE" (THE BLACKSMITH'S WIFE). IN EARLY
                                 VICTORIAN PERIOD, A SIMILAR ITEM WAS WORN AROUND THE NECK WITH A CHOKER.

FETISH    *AN AMULET OR CHARM USUALLY DEPICTING A PERSON ANIMAL OR THING. IT IS GENERALLY
               THOUGHT TO BE MAGICAL AND GUARD THE WEARER.

FI    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR FITHIAN, SUN VALLEY, CA. SINCE 1954

FIANCE    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FORGOLDSTEIN-GERSON CO., NEW YORK SINCE 1954

FIDGET    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FORGEORGE J. HECHT, NEW YORK SINCE 1941 FOR BEADS AND
                                 PRECIOUS STONES.

FIELD    *JEWLERY TRADEMARK FOR HARRY H. IELD, SAN FRANCISCO, CA. SINCE 1950

FIELD FLOWERS      *JEWELRYTRADEMARK USED BY AVON PRODUCTS, NEW YORK SINCE 1971

FIGURAL    *IN JEWELRY AND OTHEROBJECTS D'ART USUALY REFERS TO DECORATED WITH SOME THEME OR
                   STORY TELLING - SOMETIMES BIBLICAL. - OR DEPICTINGA PERSON OR ANIMAL.

FIGURE    *WORKER WITH HAMMER ATDESK -  SEE SASSEN, GEORGE

FILCRAFT    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK OF STERN & FRIEDMAN, NEW YORK SINCE 1946
  IMPORTS

FILENE'S    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR WM.FILENE'S SONS CO., BOSTON, MA. SINCE 1912(IN SCRIPT)

FILENE'S    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR FEDERATED DEPT. STORES/WM.FILENE'S, BOSTOM, MA. FOR
                     FINE AS WELL AS COSTUME JEWELRY SINCE 1940 (IN PRINT)

FILET LACE    *LACE WHERE THE DESIGN IS CREATED BY EMBROIDERING ON NET WITH THREAD SIMILAR TO
                         THAT USED IN MAKING THE NET.

FILIGREE           *METALWORKING TECHNIQUE THAT PRODUCES A FINE INTERTWINED PATTERN.ALSO REFERS
                           TO FINE DELICATEGOLD OR SILVERWORK OF WIRE TWISTED INTO SCROLLS OR PATTERNS
                             LEAVING OPENWORK.
                                  *ALSO REFERS TO COBWEB NETWORK OR WIRE LACE. IT ACTUALLY REERS TOFINE,
                                     LACELIKE   WORK DONE IN SILVER OR GOLD WIRE.

FILIGREE               *TYPE OF DECORATION SOMEWHAT LIKE CLOISONNE, BUT HAVINGTHE CLOISONS MADE OF
  ENAMEL                TWISTED WIRE   RATHER THAN FLAT ST RIPS OF METAL.

FILLET                     *HEAD ORNAMENT IN THE FORM OF A NARROW BAND ENCIRCLING THE HAIR; WORN BY
                               GREEKS,  ETRUSCAN   AND ROMAN MEN AND WOMEN AND OFTEN MADE OF GOLD INTHE
                               FORMOF  WREATHS OR MYRTLE LEAVES.  ALSO REFERS TO A "HEADBAND"

FINDINGS               *GENERIC WORD FOR ANY METAL OR OTHER TYPE OF JEWELRY COMPONENT.

FINNISH                  *JEWELRY AND OTHER OBJECTS FROM C.AD500-1100OTHERWISE KNOWN AS KALEVLA
                               JEWELRYMADE OF  GOLD AND SILVER BY FINNISH CRAFTSMEN. REINTRODUCED IN 1950
                               UTILIZINGSIMPLICITY AND FEATURING  THE USE OF NATIVE GEMSTONES.  JOHN HAYCRAFTIS
                               ONEPROMINENT DESIGNER/JEWELRY ARTISAN.

FIORET                     *PERFUMER IN PARIS, FRANCE; 1920'S; "AMBRE BYZANTIN", "L'IMPROMPTU"

FIREFLY                  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK OF ARTHUR E. NEUMANN, CHICAGO,IL. SINCE 1947

FIREGLOW             *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY ILLINOIS WATCH CASE CO.,/ELGIN AMERICAN, ELGIN ILL. SINCE
                               1950.USED FOR SIMULATED PEARL ITEMS.

FISCA                        * JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY RALPH H. BODMAN, HYANNIS, MA. FOR PEARL JEWELRY
                                  SINCE  1923

FISCH, ARLINE            *CONTEMPORARY STUDIO ARTIST/JEWELRY DESIGNER PREFERRING WOVEN METAL AND TEXTILE
                                  MATERIALS WITH WINGLIKE STYLES. BORN 1931 IN BROOKLYN, NEW YORK.

FITCH, JOHN              *BUTTONMAKER, SILVERSMITH AND WATCHMAKER 1743-1798; CONNECTICUT & KENTUCKY.

FLAN                          *A PLAIN PIECE OF METALTHAT IS STRUCK BY A PAIR OF DIES MAKING A COIN.

FLANGE                    *INTERNAL OR EXTERNAL ATTACHMENT USED AS A SUPPORT FOR ANOTHER PART.

FLAPJACK               *A ROUND THIN COMPACT. THEY WERE CLASSIFIED AS FOLLOWS:

                                                               2-1/2" DIAMETER - COOKIE
                                                               2-1/2 TO 3-1/2"     - BABY
                                                               3-1/2 TO 5"            - STANDARD
                                                               5 TO 6" DIA.           - SUPER

                                    ALSO SEE COMPACT, CARRYALL ETC.

FLARE                        *AN OUTWARD SPREAD

FLASHING               *THIN PROTECTIVE OR DECORATIVE LAYER ON THE SURFACEOF AN ITEM.    ALSO A CASTING
                                DEFECT OF A THIN  EXTRUSION OF METAL THAT ESCAPES  AT THE JUNCTUREOF THE
                                PATTERN.

FLAW                          *INTERNAL FAULT OR IMPERFECTION.DISTINGUISHED FROM A BLEMISH WHICH IS   A MARRING
                                  OF THE SURFACE. FLAWS MAY BE DUE TO INCLUSIONS OF FOREIGN MATERIALTO A CRACK
                                  OR CLEAVAGE OR A LIQUID FILLED CAVITY.

FLECHES D'           *  LOVE ARROWS. THIN HAIR LIKE SPARKLING CRYSTALS OF RUTILE FOUND AS      IN-CLUSIONS
  AMOURS                IN SOME COLORLESS TRANSPARENT QUARTS CALLED RUTILATED  QUARTZ.

FLEMISH                  *REFERRING TO FLANDERS, THE OLD NAME FOR WHAT IS NOW COVERED BY   BELGIUM,
                               HOLLANDAND PART OF   NORTHERN FRANCE.

FLEUR DE               *  JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR MARK DOTTENHEIM, NEW YORK  FOR PEARL JEWELRY SINCE
  FRANCE                    1920

FLEUR-DE-LIS        *(FUR DE LE) TRADE MARK FOR THE CITY OF VERDUN, FRANCE. THE WORD MEANS
(FLEUR DE LYS)      "FLOWEROF LIGHT" AND IS THE FRENCH SYMBOL OF LIFE AND POWER.   IT IS DESIGNEDFROM
                               NATURE'S  IRIS FLOWER(SOME BELIEVE IT TO BE A LILY). THIS SYMBOL IS FOUND ON   MANY
                               VICTORIAN, EDWARDIAN AND ART NOUVEAU PIECES  AND IS CARRIED ON INTO   MODERN DESIGN.
                               ITSYMBOLIZED ROYALTY  AND THE FRENCH BOURBON KINGS. IT IS ALSO ASSOCIATEDWITH THE
                               FRENCHCOAT OF ARMS.

FLEURETTED         *ANGLICIZED FRENCH FOR "BEFLOWERED TRELLIS" A POPULAR DECORATIVE MOTIF    IN MANY
  TREILLEGE            FORMS IN FRENCH AND GERMAN ROCOCO ANDL OUIS XV ACCESSORIES.

FLINT                     *EARLIEST CUTTING TOOLS WERE MADE OF FLINT.

FLINT-ENAMEL       *A GLAZEWHERE SILICA HAS BEEN ADDED GIVING THE ITEM A GLASSY APPEARANCE.
                               GLAZE

FLIRTEEN    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY S.NATHAN & CO., NEW YORK SINCE 1947

FLOCKINGER, GERDA    *JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST  BORN IN INNSBRUCK, AUSTRIA IN 1927

FLORA        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY JOSEPH MEYER BROS., BROOKLYN, NY SINCE 1938

FLORALITE PAC     *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR PETER L. SHEA, UNION CITY, NJ FOR PLASTIC JEWELRY SINCE 1946.

FLORENTINE           *HAVING A TEXTURED SURFACE ON A METAL ARTICLE MADE BY ENGRAVING  PARALLEL LINES
                               CLOSELY IN THE SAME DIRECTION AND THEN CROSSHATCHING  WITH PARALLEL  LINES
                               MORE LIGHTLY.

FLORENTIN E           *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY FELCH & CO., INC. PROVIDENCE RI  SINCE 1952
         LACE
FLORENZA         *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY DAN KASOFF, INC., NEW YORK SINCE 1956. (SCRIPT LOGO)
(1956-1981)           THEY MADE HIGH QUALITY JEWELRY WITH A LOOK OF FINE AND SOME IN VICTORIAN
                           AND REGENCY STYLES. MOST PIECES ARE SIGNED AND SOME ARE DATED.
                           THEIR INNOVATIVE USE OFRHINESTONES MAKE THEM SOUGHT AFTER BY COLLECTORS.
                           THE NAME "FLORENZA" CAME FROM DAN KASOFF'S WIFE "FLORENCE". THEY ALSO MADE
                           WONDERFUL BOUTIQUE ITEMS SUCH AS RING BOXES, PIN CUSHION ANIMALS, LIPSTICK
                           HOLDERS, FRAMES AND MORE. MOST WERE IN A FRENCH GOLD COLOR.

FLORET     *A SINGLE FLOWER HEAD

FLOWER FANCY      *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY AVON PRODUCTS, NEW YORK SINCE 1972

FLOWER FINERY      *JEWERLYTRADEMARK USED BY AVON PRODUCTS, NEW YORK SINCE 1971

FLUID LOOK      *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY CORO, INC. , NEW YORK SINCE 1959

FLUORSPAR             *A TRANSPARENT SEMI PRECIOUS GEMSTONE - BLUE-JOHN FOUND IN DERBYSHIRE.

FLUORITE    *ALSO KNOWN AS FLUORSPAR, IT IS FOUND IN A VARIETY OF COLORS.. SOMETIMES
                   FOUND IN A PURPLE WITH GREEN COLOR ZONING.

FLUTTERBYS            *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY RICHTON, INTNL., NEW YORK SINCE 1963

FLUTTERBYS      *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY CORO, INC. NEW YORK SINCE 1963

FLYING TIGERS         *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY FLYING TIGERS (AMERICAN VOLUNTEER GROUP - CHINESE
       AIR FORCE, INC., NEW YORKO) SINCE 1945.

FOGLIATA, A.           *METALWARE SHOP IN CHICAGO, ILLN. ACTIVE FROM 1903-1907. PRIMARILY JEWELRY AND
                                      SILVERSMITH. SHOPMARK UNDETERMINED.

FOIL                                 *FINE SILVER OR GOLD LEAF USED TO INTENSIFY LIGHT PLAY OR COLORING.

FOILED STONES             RHINESTONES. SEE ABOVE.

FOLKART                    *USUALLY REFERS TO SOLID GOLD JEWELRY MADE BY FOLKART, SCHALL & CO., HARTFORD
  JEWELRY                 CONN. C. 1855.

FONT, ANNA    *JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORN IN BARCELONA, SPRAIN IN 1945

FONTANIS               *PARIS, FRANCE:1920'S" "BLUE ISLE", "TAWAO"

FORTY, JEAN           *18TH CENTURY FRENCH DESIGNER, ENGRAVER AND METAL CARVER. LOUIS XV PERIOD.
  FRANCOIS

FOR THAT                 *JEWELRY TRADMARK USED BY CORO, INC., NEW YORK SINCE 1944
PRICELESS LOOK

FORBIDDEN FRUIT     *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY RICHTON, INTNL. NEW YORK SINCE 1963

FOREIGN TEEN          *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY HAROLD GOLDKRANTZ, NEW YORK SINCE 1956

FORSTAR      *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY FORSTNER CHAIN CORP., IRVINGTON, NJ SINCE 1950

FORSTNER CHAIN     *JEWELRY MFG.IRVINGTON, NJ WITH VARIOUS MARKS INCLUDING A CAROSEL SINCE 1935

FORSTNER       *JEWELRY TRADMARK FOR ABOVE USING LOGO IN SCRIPT. SINCE 1937

FORTRESS       *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR FORTRESS WATCH AND JEWELRY, NEW YORK SINCE 1946

FOSSIL       *SOME OF THE EARLIEST KNOWN ORNAMENTS AND BEADS WERE MADE OF  FOSSILS.

FOSSIL IVORY           *IVORY TAKEN FROM THE TUSK OF THE MAMMOTH OR WALRUS THAT HAS BEEN BURIED
                                   LONG ENOUGH TO HAVE ACQUIRED A YELLOW, SEPIA OR BLACKISH COLOUR.

  FOSSIL CORAL          *A DECORATIVE BROWN STONE WITH A CORAL PATTERN

FOUQUET, GEORGES   *JEWELRY DESIGNER BORN 1862 IN PARIS.DESIGNED  IN THE COMPANY OF JULES RENE LALI QUE AND ALPHONSE
          MUCHA.HE ALSO EXHIBITED AT THE INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION IN PARIS IN 1900.

FOUQUET, JEAN    *BORN IN 1899 IN PARIS SON OF GEORGES. HIS JEWELRY WAS IN THE GEOMETRIC, ART DECO STYLES
         AS CONTRASTED TO HIS FATHER'S NOUVEAU DESIGNS.

FOUR HUNDRED           *JEWELRY TRADEMARK OF HELLER-SPERRY, INC., NEW YORK SINCE 1952 (BY LA TAUSCA)
  COLLECTION

FRAGONARD       *PARIS, FRANCE: 1930'S; "BELLE DE NUIT"

FRANCOIS       *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR CORO USED SINCE 1937

FRANCOIS       *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY CORO, INC. SINCE 1937
  JEWELS BY

FRANKISH                 *JEWELRY OR OBJECTS MADE IN GAUL (PRESENT DAYFRANCE/GERMANY) DURING THE
                                  C. 482 UNTIL THE 10TH CENTURY INCLUDING MEROVINGIAN JEWELRY AND
                                  CAROLINGIAN JEWELRY.

FREDERICS,      *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR JOHN-FREDERICS, INC., NEW YORK SINCE 1929
  JOHN

FREEMAN-      *JEWELRY COMPANY, PROVIDENCE RI SINCE 1946
  DAUGHADAY

FREIRICH      *VICTORIAN LOOKING JEWELRY MADE BY SOLOMON FREIRICH FROM GERMANY AND THEN
                       AMERICA C. 1910. LATER WENT TO BUTTON  AND ORNAMENTATION PRODUCTION FOR
                     FASHION  INDUSTRY. FREIRICH CLOSED, HOWEVER THEIR JEWELRY WAS BEEN PRODUCED
                     UNDER THE NAME ARTHUR DAVID SINCE 1987.  THEY CEASED OPERATION IN 1990.

FRENCH CAN       *JEWLERY TRADEMARK USED BY JOHN RUBEL CO., NEW YORK SINCE 1943
  CAN FLOWER


FRENCH IVORY          *IMITATION OF IVORY TUSK IN GRAINED CELLULOID OR PLASTIC. IT IS A  REGISTERED
                                  TRADEMARK. OTHER IMITATIONS NOT SO GOOD WRE IVORETTE, IVORINE,  IVORY PYRALIN,
                                  DUBARRY PYRALIN. IN THE 1870'S THERE WAS A SHORTAGE OF IVORY FOR BILLIARD BALLS
                                  AND JOHN WESLEY HYATT MIXED NITRIC ACID AND CELLULOSE TO MAKE CELLULOID.IT WAS
                                  THE FIRST PLASTIC TO LOOK LIKE IVORY. FRENCH IVORY   PRODUCTSWERE ALSO MADE BY
                                  THE J.B.ASH CO. OF ROCKFORD ILLINOIS.

FRENCH JET        *NOT JET AT ALL BUT GLASS - HEAVIER, COLDER, HARDER AND MORE BRITTLE
                            THAN ACTUAL FOSSIL JET.  EVEN THE NAME "FRENCH" IS A MISNOMER SINCE MOST
                                   OF THE SOCALLED "FRENCH JET" CAME FROM BOHEMIA. THIS TERM IS USED INCORRECTLY
                                     TODESCRIBE ALMOST ALL JET, BLACK ONYX AND BLACK GLASS WHICH ARE ALL
                                   COMPLETELY  DIFFERENT.
                                  *MISNOMER FOR ANY FACETED BLACK GLASS THAT RESEMBLED JET.


FRENCH PASTE          *THE PERIOD OF LOUIS XV AND XVI WERE KNOWN AS "THE GOLDEN AGE OF PASTE"..
                                    IT WAS WORN BY ARISTOCRACY AS A SUBSTITUTE FOR TRUE GEMS. PASTE ITSELF IS
                                    COMPOSED OF POUNDED ROCK CRYSTAL, ALKALINE SALTS AND COLORED WITH
                                    METALLIC OXIDES. SEE ALSO PASTE.


 FRENCH PLUME         *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY C.F. MUELLER, JERSEY CITY, NJ SINCE 1960

FRENCH TOUCH        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PARFUMS CHARBERT, INC., NEW YORK  SINCE 1945

FRESHURA       *JEWLERY TRADEMARK USED BY MARVELLA PEARLS, INC., NEW YORK SINCE 1958

FREY, MICHAELA * AUSTRIAN JEWELRY DESIGNER/COMPANY SPECIALIZING IN ENAMEL JEWELRY.

FRIEDLICH, DONALD   *CONTEMPORARY JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST PREFERRING COLORFUL ABSTRACTS IN CARVED
                                    STONE - ONYX, LAPIS, GLASS, SLATE.

FRINGE       *ANY DANGLING DECORATION MADE OF TEXTILE OR GLASS BEADING SUCH AS THAT ON
                   LAMPSHADES, JEWELRY, GARMENTS, FURNITURE TRIM OR HAIR ACCESSORIES.

FROG JEWELRY        *USUALLY A BROOCH OR PENDANT IN THE FORM OF A FROG OR TOAD AND SET WITH
                                   GEMSTONES. SOMETIMES WORN AS AN AMULET AS THE FROG WAS THOUGHT TO
                                   BRING MARITAL HAPPINESS.

FROHLICH, MAX    *JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORN IN ENNENDA, SWITZERLAND IN 1908.

FROMENT              *(1802-1855) FRENCH JEWELER IN GOTHIC JEWELRY DURING THE 19TH CENTURY. HIS STYLES WERE
MEURICE F.G.         DECIDEDLY ROMANTIC AND NEO-GOTHIC IN STYLE AS INFLUENCED BY THE ART NOUVEAU MOVEMENT.

FROMENT              *(1837-1913) PARISIAN GOLDSMITH AND JEWELLER. ROMANTIC STYLES-SOME ART NOUVEAU
MEURICE, EMILE

FROST ARTS         *LOCATED IN DAYTON OHIO AND PRODUCING C.1915 HAND HAMMERED COPPER,   WORKSHOP
  AND CRAFTS       COPPER ACCESSORIES. THEIR SHOPMARK WAS A TRIANGLE ENCOMPASSSING  COMPANY'S
                             INITIALS.

FROZEN FIRE         *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR LEADING JEWLERY MFG., MAMORONECK, NY SINCE 1951

FULLER BRUSH CO  *HARTFORD CT: C.1950'S FOR PERFUME;

FUNERARY                 *OF OR INCLUDED IN THE FUNERAL TO BE BURIED WITH THE DEAD AS WITH NOBILITY,
                                POSSIBLY A CROWN OR AS AN EXAMPLE THE ITEMS OF JEWELRY BURIED IN THE TOMB WITH
                                TUTANKHAMUN.

FUNERAL                *REFERS TO THE MEMORIAL PRINTED HANDKERCHIEF USUALLYPRINTED  IN BLACK ON COTTON
  KERCHIEF               GIVEN TO EACH MEMBER OF A FAMILY.

FUNERAL RING       *A GOLD OR SILVER RING SOMETIMES GIVEN TO MOURNERS ATTENDING THE  FUNERAL AND
                                   ENGRAVED WITH THE NAME OF THE DEPARTED. SOMETIMES THESE WERE "HAIRWORK".

FUTURA           *JEWLERY TRADEMARK USED BY CORO, NEW YORK SINCE 1953

FUTURAMA           *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY CORO , NEW YORK SINCE 1953