ORNAMENT, JEWELRY & ACCESSORY
OJA
 


                "G"

G                *WITH A PIERCING ARROW - JEWELRY TRADEMARK OF THE R.L.GRIFFITH AND
                     SON CO., PROVIDENCE RI. SINCE 1894

G                *WITHIN A CIRCLE IS JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR WILLIAM C. GREENE, CO.,
                     PROVIDENCE, RI. SINCE 1913

G                *WITHIN A "HARP" SHAPE IS JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR GEMSTONE, INC., NEW
                     YORK, SINCE 1964

G                *WITH A CROWN ON TOP - TRADEMARK USED BY THE GREEN CO., KANSAS CITY,
                     MO SINCE 1935. THERE ARE SEVERAL VARIATIONS OF THIS MARK.

G                *WITH AN "E" AND "V" ON EITHER SIDE - TRADEMARK USED BY GREENFIELD
                         JEWELRY MFT. SINCE 1946

G                *WITHIN A DIAMOND - JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR J.M.G. MFG. NEW YORK SINCE
                         1962

G             *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR RUDOLF FRIEDMAN, NEW YORK SINCE 1962

G              *UNUSUAL FORMATION USING AN OPEN TRIANGLE VARIATION. THIS MARK WAS
                 USED BY EDWARD C. GRASSMAN, NEWARK, NJ FOR NECKLACE CLASPS SINCE
                 1949.

G.C.S.            *WITHIN A CROWN - JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY ARTHUR W. HEIN/GOLD
                     CROWN SPECIALTIES, NEW YORK SINCE 1946

G  EVE'        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK OF GEVERTS & CO., NEW YORK SINCE 1962

GF                *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY GENERAL FINDINGS, ATTLEBORO, MA. SINCE
                         1934

GK        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY GUS KROESEN, INC., OAKLAND, CA. SINCE
                 1956.

GABILLA            *PARIS, FRANCE:C. 1900'S; "XANTHO" MADAME GABILLA HAS BEEN COINED
                             AS THE FIRST  SUCCESSFUL WOMAN PERFUMER. SHE BEGAN BLENDING
                            PERFUME IN 1890. ONE OF HER MOST FAMOUS WAS "MON CHERI"C.1920.

GADGETRIX        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY KAUFMAN & RUDERMAN, INC., NEW YORK SINCE
                             1943 FOR CHILDREN'S JEWELRY ITEMS.

GADROONED        *FLUTED

GAILLARD LUCIEN    *DESIGNER OF PERFUME FLACONS AND "STUDENT" OF LALIQUE.
  & J.VIARD                  ALSO DESIGNER OF JEWELRY. COMBINED WITH J.VIARD, DESIGNER
                                       OF AN ART GLASS COMPANY THEY TOOK THE ACCESSORY FIELD
                                       BY STORM. SOME OF THEIR BOTTLES WERE MARKED "MADE IN
                                       FRANCE" AND OTHERS "J.VIARD" OR "J.VILLARD". THEIR JEWELRY WAS
                                       ENGRAVED "L.GAILLARD".

GAINSBOROUGH        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY TRIFARI, KRUSSMAN & FISHEL, CO., NEW YORK
                                          FOR PEARL JEWELRY SINCE 1932.  THEN USED ON COSTUME JEWELRY FROM
                                         1937.

GAINSBOROUGH        *BEAUTY ACCESSORY MFG./POWDER - THE WESTERN COMPANY, CHICAGO/NEW YORK. C. 1920'S.

GALA                *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR GAY TOOL CO., PROVIDENCE RI FOR MENS AND
                          WOMENS JEWELRY SINCE 1955

GALAXY        * JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY CORO, INC., NEW YORK SINCE 1949

GALE CREATIONS        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY GALE CREATIONS, NEW YORK SINCE 1955

GALLEGOS, DAMASO    *1890-1980) SILVER JEWELRY DESIGNER IN TAXCO WORKING FOR AGUILAR AND
                                              THEN OPENING HIS OWN SHOP. HIS PIECES WERE MARKED "DG" IN SCRIPT.

GALLIARD, LUCIEN        *JEWELRY DESIGNER BORN IN 1861 IN FRANCE. AND ENCOURAGED BY HIS FRIEND
                                             RENE LALIQUE TO TURN HIS SILVERSMITH TALENTS INTO JEWELRY DESIGNS.
                                             LUCIEN WAS FOCUSED ON THE JAPANESE TECHNIQUES.

GALONS        *TRIMMINGS INCLUDING GLASS BEADS.

GARDEN OF EDEN        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USEDBY C.F. MUELLER, CO., JERSEY CITY, NJ SINCE
         1965

GARDEN OF GOLD        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY THE NAPIER CO., MERIDEN, CT. MADE IN
                                            ENTIRELY OR PARTLY OF PRECIOUS METALS. SINCE 1951

GARDBERG, BERTEL        *JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORN IN 1916 IN FINLAND.

GARLAND        *JEWLERY TRADEMARK USED BY THE BALL CO., CHICAGO, ILL SINCE 1924

GARNE'        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY GARNE JEWELRY, NEW YORK SINCE 1945


  GARNET        *DARK RED GEMSTONE WITH SIX VARIETIES - GROSSULAR,L PYROPE, ALMANDINE
                        , ANDRADITE, SPESSARTITE AND UYAROVITE.  THE NAME GARNET COMES FROM
                        THE LATIN GRANATUM MEANING "SEED LIKE". SEE SPECIFIC TYPES FOR
                        INFORMATION. GARNETS, ESPECIALLY BOHEMIAN, WERE USED PROFUSELY
            IN THEIR JEWELRY.  ANCIENTS BELIEVED THE GARNET TO INCREASE THE
            POPULARITY OF THE WEARER BUT IN CHRISTIANITY IT SIGNIFIED THE BLOOD
            AND SUFFERING OF CHRIST.  THE DEMANTOID GARNET WITH ITS GREEN
            TONES WAS BELIEVED TO TO DRIVE AWAY UNCLEAN AND EVIL THOUGHTS.
                                                                    THE CARBUNCLE GARNET (ALMANDINE) WAS BELIEVED IN BIBLICAL SENSE
             TO BE USED BY NOAH AS A LAMP ON THE ARK.

GARNET, ALMANDINE        *DEEP ORANGE/RED TO A BROWN/RED GARNET THAT GETS ITS NAME FROM
            THE LATIN "CARBUNCULUS ALABANDISUC" MEANING SMALL COAL FROM
            ALABANDA, AN ANCIENT GARNET SOURCE IN TURKEY.



GARNET, PYROPE        *TYPE OF GARNET CONTAIING CHROME. NAME COMES FROM THE GREEK "PYROPOS"
                                                                        WHICH MEANS "FIRE LIKE". COLOR IS A DEEP BLOOD RED.

GARNET, RHODOLITE        *ROSE TO LAVENDER GARNET THAT GETS ITS NAME FROM THE GREEK "RHODO"
            MEANING ROSE AND "LITHO" MEANING STONE.

GARNITURE          *THAT WHICH IS DECORATING OR EMBELLISHING ANOTHER ITEM.

GARRARD & CO. LTD.                           *A LEADING LONDON FIRM OF JEWELLERS, GOLDSMITH AND SILVERSMITHS
                                                                FOUNDED BY  GEORGE WICKES  LATER BECOMMING WAKELIN AND TAYLOR AND
                                                                THEN ROBERT GARRARD  1758-1818. IN 1843 THEY WERE  APPOINTED AS CROWN
                                                                JEWELLERS IN WHICH CAPACITY  IT HAS SINCE BEEN RESPONSIBLE FOR THE
                                                                MAINTENANCE OF THE REGALIA AND THE  CROWN JEWELS AND THEIR
                                                                PREPARATION UNTIL 1946 AND IN 1952 WAS AMALGAMATED  WITH THE
                                                                GOLDSMITHS AND SILVERSMITHS CO. FOUNDED IN 1880 BY  WILLIAM
                                                                GIBSON  AND JOHN LANGMAN AND RESIDES AT 112 REGENT ST. LONDON
                                                                STILL MAINTAINING THE  NAME GARRARD AND STILL THE CROWN JEWELERS
GARTER JEWELRY        *POPULAR VICTORIAN JEWELRY MOTIF.

GASKIN, ARTHUR                                *1862-1928. ENGLISH SILVERSMITH AND JEWELLER FROM BIRMINGHAM WITH HIS
                                                              WIFE     GEORGINA 1868-1934 - MADE FROM 1899 GOLD AND SILVER
                                                              JEWELRY. USED CURLING   TENDRILS AND COLOURED GEMSTONES AS
                                                              FLOWERS. THEY MADE CYMERIC JEWELRY FOR   LIBERTY AND COMPANY IN
                                                              LONDON. HE  DESIGNED SOME WIREWORK/FILIGREE ITEMS WITH   W. T.
                                                              BLACKBAND AROUND 1912.
 

GASKIN, GEORGINA CAVE    *JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORIN IN 1868 IN ENGLAND. WIFE OF ARTHUR GASKIN
                                            AND PARTNER IN THEIR BIRMINGHAM WORKSHOP WHERE THEY BOTH CREATED
                                            DESIGNS IN THE ARTS AND CRAFTS STYLES.

GASLIGHT PARASOL        *IN VOGUE  C.1840'S IT WAS PINK AND USED INDOORS UNDER BRILLIANT
                                           ILLUMINATION WHICH GAVE A DELICATE HUE TO THE FACES OF THE
                                           WOMAN UNDERNEATH.

  GAWOOD        * JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR DAVID E. GARRE/THE DAVID CO., ST. PAUL, MN.
                          SINCE 1955

GAY LADY        *JEWLERY TRADEMARK FOR DAVID JACOBS, LINCOLN, NE SINCE 1951

GAY NINETIES        *JEWELRYTRADEMARK FOR JACQUES KREISLER MFG., NORTH BERGEN, NJ FOR
                                 MENS JEWLERY ITEMS, SINCE 1949

GAZELLES        *POPULAR  ANTELOPE USED IN ART DECO DESIGNS. USED AS A NEIMAN MARCUS
                         LOGO IN 1923.


GEISHA            *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR INTERATLANTIC TRADING CORP., NEW YORK FOR
                         JEWELRY FEATURING CULTURED PEARLS SINCE 1949

GELL, WENDY        *CONTEMPORARY JEWELRY DESIGNER SPECIALIZING IN COLLAGE..
                                 MOST ARE SIGNED AND CONSIDERED WORKS OF ART.

  GEM            *JEWELRY TRADEMARK OF GEMEX CO., UTICA, NY SINCE 1944.

  GEM CREST        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR GOODMAN & CO., INDIANAPOLIS, IN. SINCE 1941

  GEM GALLERIES        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR MARCUS & CO., NEW YORK SINCE 1945

  GEM O MY HEART        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR CHAS. SCHWARTZ & SON, WASHINGTON DC SINCE
                                     1930 - ALSO CUFF BOXES, MESH BAGS, BUCKLES, CIGARETTE HOLDERS ETC.

  GEM ART        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR VICTOR CORP., CINCINNATI, OH SINCE 1948

  GEMCRAFT        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR PHILIP E. STETSON, BOSTON, MA. SINCE 1935

  GEMETTES        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK OF JOSEPH H. MEYER BROS., BROOKLYN NY SINCE 1954

  GEMEX/GEMES JEWEL    *JEWELRY MFG. IN UNION, NJ - 1951

GEMOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF AMERICA    *GIA OFFERS COURSES ON BASIC JEWELRY REPAIR, GEMOLOGY AND STONE SETTING.
                                                                              ADDRESS: GIA, 1660 STEWART ST.,, SANTA MONICA, CA. 90407 ATTN. VERONICA HUDSON.
 

  GEMOSEA        *JEWLERY TRADEMARK FOR FREDERIC J. ESSIG & CO., CHICAGO, ILL FOR PEARLS
                              SINCE 1957

  GEMS OF ENCHANTMENT    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR THE MARK JEWELRY CO., NEW YORK SINCE 1930

  GEMS OF THE MODE        *JEWLERY TRADEMARK FOR JEROME RICHHEIMER, NY, SINCE 1929

  GEMS OF PARIS        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY GEMS OF PARIS MFG., NEW YORK SINCE 1952

GEMSTONE        *USED TO MEAN ANY FORM OF VALUED STONE PRECIOUS AND SEMI PRECIOUS.
                            AS WELL AS JET, AMBER, PEARLS, CORAL AND IVORY.

  GEM-TONE        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR C.L.STUEMPGES, SEATTLE, WA. FOR HAND CARVED
                             JEWELRY SINCE 1946.

  GEM-TONES        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR JOSEPH H. MEYER BROS., BROOKLYN, NY SINCE 1957

  GEN        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR GENTLY JEWELRY MFG., NEW YORK SINCE 1962

  GENCO        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR GENCO/GENERAL CHAIN, PROVIDENCE RI SINCE 1925

  GENIEDE PARIS        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK OF D.RODITI & SONS, NEW YORK SINCE 1945

GENTILLE, THOMAS        *CONTEMPORARY STUDIO JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST CONCENTRATING ON SPATIAL
                                          DYNAMICS AND SUBTLE USES OF LIGHT/SHADING.

  GEO - METS        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK OF GEOMETS INC., NEW YORK SINCE 1954

  GEORG JENSEN        *(1866-1935) 1904-PRESENT. JEWELRY DESIGNER BEGINNING IN COPENHAGEN,
                                     DENMARK IN 1904. HIS DESIGNS OFTEN INCLUDED LEAVES, FLOWERS AND
                                     NATURE MOTIFS.  HE ALSO PRODUCED FLATWARE AND TABLEWARE AS WELL AS
                                     BEAUTIFUL JEWELRY ITEMS. SEVERAL DIFFERENT MARKS WERE USED AND EVEN
                                     THOUGH ALL ARE QUALITY PIECES, STUDY IS NEEDED TO DETERMINE AGE AS THE
                                     TRADITIONAL DESIGNS ARE STILL PRODUCED.


  GEORGIAN        * THIS PERIOD COVERS THE REIGNS OF ENGLAND'S KING GEORGE I THROUGH
               GEORGE IV.  JEWELRY IN THIS PERIOD WAS MADE BY HAND WITH SUPERB
   1714-1837                 CRAFTSMANSHIP.  DIAMONDS WERE USED AS WERE PINK TOPAZ, DARK
              RED GARNETS, EMERALDS AND PASTE STONES. SILVER TOPPED 18K GOLD
              WAS OFTEN USED IN THE MOUNTINGS. MOST MOUNTINGS WERE CLOSED
                                                                    BACKS, FOIL BACK STONES, MARCASITE AND CUT STEEL WERE
              PREVALENT AND MEN AS WELL AS WOMEN WORE THEM IN A VARIETY OF
              FORMS.  SQUARE BROOCHES WITH PEARL BORDERS WERE POPULAR.
              PINCHBECK CAME INTO USE AS WELL AS 18K GOLD AND SILVER.
              CATHERINE THE GREAT'S CORONATION WAS THE MOST LAVISH AND
                                                                    BEJEWELED OCCASION OF THE PERIOD.  HER CROWN CONTAINED OVER
                                                                      2,000 DIAMONDS AND PEARLS WITH A SINGLE GIANT RUBY!

GERARDO LOPEZ        *1950'S SILVER JEWELRY DESIGNER IN TAXCO DURING THE 1950'S. HIS PIECES
            WERE MARKED "LOPEZ".


   GIFTIME        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY THE SEA GEM CO., NEW YORK FOR JEWELRY MADE
                         WITH PEARLS.

  GIFTPAK        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY CORO, NEW YORK SINCE 1953

  GILDA        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY WILLIAM RAND, INC., NEW YORK SINCE 1949

GILT                                                         *PIECE MADE OF ANOTHER METAL VERY THNLY COVERED WITH GOLD.   IN
                                                               JEWELRY SOMETIMES A PIECE IS SILVER  GILT, SILVER BENEATH A THIN  COAT
                                                               OF GOLD.

 GIMP OR GUIMPE          *WOVEN SILK BRAID OF ASSORTED DESIGNS INCLUDING AS A TRIM ON  DRAPERIES.

  GIMP        *SEE BULION

  GIOVANNI        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK OF GIOVANNI, INC., PROVIDENCE, RI SINCE  1959. STILL ACTIVE

GIRANDOLE        *USUALLY REFERS TO EARRINGS WITH GEMSTONES HAVING SEPARATE DROPS.

  GIRAUD, J. FILS                                        * C. 1920'S "LYSTERIOSE"

GIRDLE        *USUALLY IN ORNAMENTATION REFERS TO A LOOSE DECORATIVE BELT ]
                                                                 SOMETIMES ORNAMENTED.

GIULIANO, CARLO        *JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORN IN NAPLES, ITALY IN 1831. HIS WORKSHOP WAS IN
        LONDON WHERE HE WORKED WITH ALESSANDRO CASTELLANI IN SETTING UP A BRANCH
        IN PICCADILLY.



GIVENCHY        *FASHION - BORN IN BEAUVAIS, FRANCE IN 1927, GIVENCHY BEGAN HIS CAREER IN 1945
                                                               JUST AFTER THE WAR AND WORKED WITH JACQUE FATH AND LELONG. HE ALSO DESIGNED
                                         FOR ELSA SCHIAPARELLI.  HE OPENED HIS OWN HOUSE IN 1952 FEATURING CLOTHING
                                            AND ACCESSORIES. THEY ARE STILL SOLD WORLDWIDE THROUGH NOVELLE BOUTIQUES.
                                                                REPRODUCTIONS OF HIS DESIGNS ARE BEING MADE WITH A MORE     AFFORDABLE
                                                                PRICE USING CHEAPER MATERIALS AND STONES.
          PERFUMES  - PARIS FRANCE , NY NY; C.1950'S "GIVENCHY", "YSATIS"
GLAMOUR        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY CORO SINCE 1941


GLAMOUR CRAFT        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY CORO, INC., NEW YORK SINCE 1958

GLASS, LEO                  JEWELRY DESIGNER, NEW YORK BEGINNING 1946.  ALSO USED THE NAME
                                    "COURTLY"

GLASSER, ALFRED, H.    *JEWELRY MFG., NEW YORK SINCE 1953. MARK INCORPORATED A SHIELD WITH
                                          DIAMOND, PITCHER AND SCALES.

GLAZE        *MEANS TO COVER WITH A THIN LAYER TO PROTECT OR ENHANCE THE
                                 APPEARANCE.

GLENBY'S S. SONS        *NY NY; C.1920'S; "JOAN"

GLITTER BOBS        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR CORO, INC., NEW YORK FOR DECORATED BOBBY
                                PINS SINCE 1956.

GLO-CHARM        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR HY FRACKMAN/ALAN MFG., NEW YORK FOR CHARMS
         SINCE 1961.

GLO-RAY        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR RITE GRADE CORP., NEW YORK SINCE 1957

GLORIA        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR G.FOX & CO, INC., HARTFORD CT., SINCE 1930


GLOVES                                     *IN THE BEGINNING GLOVES WERE PROTECTIVE COVERINGS FOR THE HANDS
                                                  AND THEN EVOLVED INTO THE  FASHION CATEGORY. THEY WERE WORN BY
                                                  KINGS AND BY COTTON  PICKERS. DURING ONE PERIOD IN HISTORY
                                                  MID 1800'S-1940 NO LADY WOULD BE CAUGHT OUT WITHOUT HER GLOVES!
                                                  MADE OF JUST ABOUT ANY  MATERIAL FROM LEATHER TO LACE AND FROM
                                                  WRIST LENGTH TO FULL ARM LENGTH. SPECIAL HOOKS WERE  EVEN MADE TO
                                                  BUTTON GLOVES AND SPECIAL BUTTONS TO BE BUTTONED!  IT IS THOUGHT THAT THE
                      WORD GLOVE COMES FROM THE ANTLO SAXON WORD "GLOF" MEANING "PALM".
                      "BUTTON" IS USED TO INDICATE THE LENGTH OF A GLOVE.  ONE BUTTON IS EQUAL TO
                      ONE FRENCH INCH (1/2" LONGER THAN AN AMERICAN INCH). MEASUREMENT ALWAYS
                      STARTS AT THE BASE OF THE THUMB. I.E. 1 BUTTON IS WRIST, 6 BUTTON IS HALFWAY TO
                      ELBOW AND 16 BUTTON IS FORMAL UPPER ARM LENGTH.

                      TYPES OF GLOVES:
       ACTION - CUTOUTS ON BACK TO INCREASE FLEXIBILITY
       BIARRITZ - SLIP ON WITH NO VENT USUALLY TWO OR FOUR BUTTON LENGTH
       BICYCLE - WRIST LENGTH USUALLY KNITTED WITH LEATHER PALM
       DOESKIN - SUEDE FINISHED USUALLY MADE OF SHEEPSKIN RATHER THAN DOESKIN
       DRIVING - SAME AS BICYCLE
       FINGER FREE - TRADEMARK FOR GLOVES MADE WITH A SINGLE STRIP OF MATERIAL
         FORMING ALL THE FOURCHETTES. DESIGNED BY MERRY HULL C.1938
       GAUNTLET - ABOVE THE WRIST WITH WIDE CUFF
       INSULATED - LINED
       KID - MADE OF KIDSKIN AND ALSO SHEEPSKIN.
       LACE - USUALLY MADE BY HAND OR MACHINE FOR SUMMER WEAR
       MITTENS - HAVING THUMB AND ONE OTHER COMPARTMENT FOR THE REST OF THE HAND
       MITTS - FINGERLESS GLOVES REACHING ABOVE THE WRIST. ORIGINALLY WORN IN
         COLONIAL AMERICA.
       MONEY MITT - KNITTED OR LEATHER WITH SLOT IN PALM FOR MONEY
       MOUSQUETAIRE (MOOS KEH TARE) WOMAN'S LONG, LOOSE GLOVE SOMETIMES WITH
         A BUTTON SLIT AT WRIST WORN CRUSHED UP TO ELBOW. FORMAL WEAR
       OPERA - LONG LENGTH SOMETIMES WITHOUT A THUMB
       PULL ON - HAVE NO FASTENERS
       RACING - SEE ACTION
       SHORTY - TWO BUTTON GLOVE
       THERMAL - SHORT USUALLY MADE OF LEATHER W/SILK LINING.


GLOVE CHAPLET                         *A WAX OR PAPER WREATH WITH A GLOVE IN THE CENTER SAID TO BE A MOURNING
                                                  PIECE. SAID TO HAVE ORIGINATED IN GLAMORGANSHIRE, WALES.

GLOVE VANITY                            *A SMALL RECTANGULAR CASE OR COMPACT THAT FITS IN THE PALM OF THE HAND.

GLOW-LITE                                  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY UNCAS MFG., PROVIDENCE RI SINCE 1942


GNOSTIC SEALS                         * SEALS USED BY GNOSTIC BELIEVERS - A PHILOSOPHICAL AND RELIGIOUS
                                                    MOVEMENT  POPULARIZED AND   DEVELOPED IN ROMAN PERIOD BELIEVING IN
                                                    KNOWLEDGE (GNOSIS)   AS THE ANSWER TO ALL. SEALS  WERE CARVED
                                                    TALISMANS AND WERE A SORT OF  HEARELDRY IDENTIFICATION OFTEN
                                                    DEPICTING SUCH   DEITIES AS ABRAXAS, ANUBIS,   OR HORUS AND SOMETIMES
                                                    PLANETARY DESIGNS.


GODS/GODDESS                      *GREEK GODS AND GODDESSES WERE USED IN ORNAMENTATION THROUGHOUT
                      HISTORY.  FOLLOWING IS A LIST , BRIEF DESCRIPTION AND DAY OF THE WEEK
                      THEY WERE THOUGHT TO REPRESENT. THEY WERE USED EXTENSIVELY IN CAMEOS.

SUNDAY       DIANA        GODDESS OF HUNTING/CHASTITY
MONDAY                       MARS        GOD OF WAR
    TUESDAY         MERCURY        GOD OF TRADE/PROTECTOR OF  THIEVES
   WEDNESDAY         JUPITER        GODS FATHER
   THURSDAY      VENUS        GODDESS OF LOVE AND BEAUTY
  FRIDAY  SATURNUS    GOD OF AGRICULTURE
SATURDAY       APOLLO        GOD OF THE SUN, ART AND MEDICINE



GOING STEADY                          *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY RONALD F. SILVER, ST. PAUL, MN SINCE 1955

GOLD                                         *MOST VALUABLE PRECIOUS METAL THROUGHOUT HISTORY. PURE GOLD IS 24K
                      AND IS GENERALLY TOO SOFT FOR JEWELRY AND OTHERS METALS SUCH AS
                      COPPER, SILVER, ZINC OR NICKEL ARE ADDED TO INCREASE ITS STRENGTH.
                      A LAW WAS PASSED IN 1906 REQUIRING ALL GOLD CONTENT BE STAMPED ON JEWELRY.
                                                  FOLLOWING IS A LISTING OF THE COMMON KARAT MARKINGS:

                       US/KARATS               %GOLD                          FINENESS (EUROPE)
                            24                        100%                                  1000
                                                        22                       95.83%                                 958
                                                        18                          75%                                     750
                                                        15                        62.50%                                  625
                                                        14                        58.33%                                  583
                                                        10                        41.67%                                   417
                                                         9                        37.50%                                  375
More About Gold Click Here and Here



GOLD A QUATRE COULEURS       *GOLD OF THREE OR MORE DIFFERENT SHADES. (FRENCH)

GOLD BOND                                 *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR A. MICALLEF & CO.,PROVIDENCE, R. SINCE 1968

GOLD ELECTROPLATE                 *PROCESS WHERE A THIN LAYER OF GOLD IS APPLIED TO A BASE METAL USING AN
                                                   ELECTRICAL CURRENT IN A CHEMICAL BATH.  ABBREVIATION IS USUALLY H.G.E. FOR
                                                   HARD GOLD ELECTROPLATE

GOLD FILLED                             *JOINING A LAYER OR LAYERS OF GOLD ALLOY TO A BASE METAL ALLOY AND THEN
                                                   ROLLING OR DRAWING AS   REQUIRED FOR THE THICKNESS OF THE MATERIAL.

                                                  *OTHER METAL COVERED WITH A LAYER OF GOLD OF ANY FINENESS AND
                                                   BONDED  TO THE METAL BY  ELECTROPLATING. IN U.S. MUST HAVE A LAYER OF
                                                   GOLD EQUAL   TO AT LEAST 1/20TH OF THE TOTAL WEIGHT  OF THE METAL IN
                                                   THE   ITEM AND  MUST BE MARKED GOLD FILLED BY APPROPRIATE CARAT FINENESS
                                                   I.E.  10  CARAT   GOLD FILLED.

GOLD KLAD                                 *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR JACQUES KREISLER & CO., NEW YORK SINCE 1921.

GOLD LEAF                                 *ALSO CALLED MOSAIC GOLD OR DUTCH GOLD. ORIGINALLY MADE IN GERMANY IT
                                                   WAS AN AMALGUM OF TIN  AND COPPER WHICH IS LAID OVER THE SURFACE  OF
                                                   AN ITEM.

GOLD M BRACE                           *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR BELLAVANCE, INC., ATTLEBORO, MA SINCE 1953

GOLD NUGGET                            *GOLD IN ITS NA TIVE FORM OF WATER WORN MASS WASHED FROM A ROCK-BED
                                                    AND  DEPOSITED IN A  STREAM OR RIVER ,WEIGHING FROM 20 GRAMS TO 50
                                                    KILOGRAMS.  NUGGET JEWELRY HAS BEEN  POPULARIZED FROM ANCIENT TO
                                                    MODERN TIMES.

GOLD, ROLLED                       *ABBREVIATED R.G.P. USUALLY 14k R.G.P. - WHERE A LAYER OF GOLD HAS BEEN APPLIED
                                                TO A BASE METAL. POPULAR DURING THE 1800'S AND EARLY 1900'S.

GOLD, SOLID                       *SOME JEWELRY WAS MARKED "SOLID GOLD" IN THE LATE 1800'S WHEN IT WAS IN
                                               REALITY ONLY 6-10K AND SOMETIMES EVEN FILLED OR PLATED. IN 1906 A LAW WAS
                                               PASSED REQUIRING THAT THE GOLD CONTENT BE STAMPED ON ALL JEWELRY.
 

GOLDMAN & GOLDMAN               *JEWELRY DESIGNERS/MFG. FOUND ON BAKC OF BASEMETAL ENAMELED PIN.
                       NO OTHER INFORMATION AVAILABLE. IF YOU HAVE ANY INFORMATION ON THIS
                                                   MARK, PLEASE LET ME KNOW.

GOLDSTONE                                             *AVENTURINE GLASS SPANGLED WITH BITS OF METAL OR MICA


GOLDET        *PARIS, FRANCE: C. 1910; "DIVINITE" AND NUIT D'AMOUR"

GOLD TONE        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY JAMECO METAL PROUCTS, NEW YORK FOR MUSIC
                             BOXES, JEWELRY BOXES, ETC. SINCE 1957

GOLDEN ART        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY GOLDEN ART IMPORTING CO., SAN JOSE, CA. SINCE
         1955

GOLDEN FLEECE                    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BBY AMERICAN & CONTINENTAL PATENTED PRODUCTS
                                                 OF NEW YORK SINCE 1941

GOLDEN KEY        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR PAKULA AND CO., CHICAGO, IL. SINCE 1947

GOLDEN KNIGHT                                    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR SPEIDEL CORP., PROVIDENCE, RI FOR BRACELETS
                                                                 OTHER THAN WATCHES SICNE 1946

GOLDEN LOOK        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR KRAMER JEWELRY CREATIONS, NEW YORK SINCE 1954

GOLDEN ROD        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR COHN & ROSENBERGER, NEW YORK SINCE 1926

GOLDEN THREADS                                    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR WALTER LAMPL, NEW YORK SINCE 1940

GOLDEN WEST        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR THOMAS & CO., SEATTLE, WA SINCE 1953

GOLDETTE        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK OF BEN GARTNER/CIRCLE JEWELRY PRODUCTS, NEW YORK
                            SINCE 1958. ESPECIALLY POPULAR WERE THEIR STYLISH BRACELETS.

GOLDKIST        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY AMERICAN & CONTINENTAL PATENTED PRODUCTS,
                             NEW YORK SINCE 1951 - INCLUDING DECORATIVE CASES AND BOXES.

GOMPF, RICHARD                                    *B 1928. POSTWAR MODERNIST JEWELRY DESIGNER IN SAN FRANCISCO. MOST OF
                                                                    HIS DESIGNS ARE NOT SIGNED.

GONE WITH THE WIND    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR LEVER BROS. CO., CAMBRIDGE MA FOR BROOCHES
         SINCE 1940.

GOOD NEIGHBOR                                    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR AMERICAN RENAISSANCE ASSOC., WHITE PLAINS, NY
         SINCE 1937

GOODSPEED, BERNICE    *(1935-71) MEXICAN SILVER JEWELRY DESIGNER IN TAXCO. DESIGNED WITH PRE
                                        COLUMBIAN MOTIFS.  HER PIECES WERE SIGNED WITH A SIMPLE "B".

GORGET        *A FLAT ORNAMENT AT THE FRONT OF THE CHOKER.

GORHAM CORP., INC.        *PROVIDENCE, RI. FOUNDED BY JABEZ GORHAM IN 1815 AND PRODUCING JEWELRY
        ITEMS IN THE LATE 19TH AND EARLY 20TH CENTURY BY A GROUP OF ARTISANS
        LED BY WILLIAM C. CODMAN AND EDWARD HOLBROOK. THE PIECES WERE MARKETED
        UNDER THE NAME "MARTELE" AND REMAIN COLLECTIBLE. THE MOST POPULAR DURING
        THE ART NOUVEAU PERIOD.  THE MARK WAS "MARTELE'" OVER AN EAGLE WITH WINGS
        SPREAD SITTING ATOP A SHIELD WITH ANCHOR INSIDE, LION TO THE LEFT AND MONOGRAM
        "G" TO THE RIGHT.

GOTHIC         *INSPIRED BY DESIGNS OF CONTEMPORARY GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE REFERRED MOSTAS  14TH - 15TH CENTURY IN CONTINENTAL
                           EUROPE

GOTHIC STYLE                                         *IN THE 19TH CENTURY THERE WAS A RENEWAL OF INTEREST IN THE MIDDLE
                                                               AGES AND JEWELRY BECAME  CHARACTERIZED BY POINTED ARCHES, FORLORN
                                                               MAIDENS, ROSETTE SHAPED MOTIFS, CASTLES, KNIGHTS,  ETC. ONE SUCH
                                                               ARTIST  WAS FROMELNT-MEURICE.

GOTHIC PERIOD                                       *PERIOD FROM APPROX. 1150 TO 1500 IN EUROPE. NOT BASED ON CLASSICAL
                                                               FORMS BUT A PERIOD OF ECCLESIASTIC ARCHITECTURE AND ART. ALSO
                                                               REFERRED TO AS THE "MIDDLE AGES".

GOTHIC REVIVAL                                      *RENEWED INTEREST IN GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE AND ART DURING THE EARLY 19TH
                                                               CENTURY IN ENGLAND.

GOTLANDIC BRACELET                           *TYPE OF BRACELET MADE IN GOTLAND, SWEDEN. 8TH CENTURY OF SHEET GOLD
                                                               WITH CONCENTRIC SHAPE AND STAMPED DECOR SUSPENDED BY A LOOP.

GOUDJI                *JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORN IN GOERGIA, USSR IN 1941. DESIGNED A
                            COLLECTION OF JEWELRY FOR YVES STAINT LAURENT IN 1977.

GOUGH, ROWENA        *JEWELRY DESIGNER BORN IN AUSTRALIA IN 1958 SPECIALIZING IN GOLD AND
                                     SILVERSMITHING.

GOULD, BARBARA LTD    *NY NY: C. 1930'S: "LOVERS KNOT"

GOUGH & CO.        *FINE JEWELRY DESIGNER OF THE ART NOUVEAU PERIOD. NEWARK, NJ.


GRA LOK        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY GRAYS JEWELERS/LOS ANGELES, CA. FOR
                         EARRING AND FINDINGS SINCE 1953.

GRACEFUL THREE        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK OF JOHN RUBEL, NEW YORK SINCE 1943 PROBABLY
                                     REFERS TO THE THREE GRACES.

GRADUATED        *MEANS GETTING PROGRESSIVELY SMALLER OR LARGER FROM A CENTRAL
                                                                 POINT, AS IN PEARLS.

GRAKALIC, VILIAMA        *BORN IN YUGOSLAVIA IN 1942, THIS JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST FOCUSED
                                            DESIGNS IN GOLD AND SILVERSMITHING.

GRAND PRIX        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY SWANK, INC., ATTLEBORO, MA FOR MENS JEWELRY
         SINCE 1955

GRALNICK, LISA        *CONTEMPORARY STUDIO JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST. MANY OF HER PIECES ARE
                                     DONE IN BLACK AND IN INDUSTRIAL DESIGNIS.

GRANDEE        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY VARGAS MFG., PROVIDENCE RI SINCE 1971

GRANDEUR        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY CORO, NEW YORK SINCE 1950

GRANT, JOHN, DESIGNS    *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY CATAMORE, INC., PROVIDENCE RI SINCE 1970

GRANULAR                                             *HAVING A GRAINY OR ROUGH TEXTURE

GRANULATED GOLD      *GROUND GOLD USED AS A AN OUTER DECORATION ON JEWELRY OR PORCELAIN.                                                                    THE ITEM/OBJECT IS  USUALLY REFERRED TO AS HAVING "GRANULATION".

GRANULAR WORK OR                      *ATTACHING GRAINS OF GOLD TO THE GOLD BACKGROUND WITHOUT APPARENT
    GRANULATION                             SOLDER.  ONE TYPE OF JEWELRY USING THIS METHOD WAS ETRUSCAN.

GRAVIER, ALPHONSE                       *PARIS, FRANCE:C. 1920'S; "VOLTIGY", AUX VIOLETTES"

GRAY, DOROTHY                            *BLOOMFIELD, NJ: C.1930'S; "SAVOIR FAIRE"

GRAY, DOROTHY                              *COSMETIC MFG./ACCESSORY DESIGNER C. 1930'S +

GREAT EXHIBITION                           *1851 - INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION HELD IN LONDON AND WAS ORGANIZED BY THE
                                                       SOCIETY OF ARTS.  BRITISH EXHIBITS WERE DISTINGUISHED BY THEIR
                                                       ROBUSTNESS AND SHOWINESS.

GREAT MONAD                               *CIRCLE WITH A HORIZONTAL S SHAPE DIVIDING IT INTO TWO EQUAL AREAS.
                                                       REPRESENTING THE UNION OF  THE MATERIAL OR FEMININE AND THE
                                                       SPIRITUAL   OF MASCULINE. ALSO CALLED OVUM MUNDI.

GRECO-ROMAN                              *CLASSIC STYLE FROM ABOUT 200 BC TO AD 200.

GREEK JEWELRY                          *MADE AFTER THE DECLINE OF THE MINOAN AND MYCENAEN CULTURES ON THE
                                                   GREEK  MAINLAND AND  ISLANDS UNTIL THE 7TH CENTURY BC AND AFTER
                                                   THAT WHEN  THEIR OWN CULTURES AND NATIVE STYLES  AND TECHNIQUES
                                                    WERE DEVELOPED.  GOLD WAS PROFUSELY USED WITH GRANULATION AND
                                                    FILIGREE.

GREEK KEY                                *FRET DESIGN OF A CONTINUOUS BAND DECORATION OF INTERLACING HOOKED
                                                  SQUARES.

GREEK REVIVAL                         *RENEWED INTEREST IN GREEK ART, ETC. IN 18TH AND 19TH CENTURIES.

GREEN                     *JEWELERY TRADEMARK USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH A CROWN FOR THE GREEN
                                 CO., KANSAS CITY, MO SINCE 1947
 
 
 

GREEN GOLD                           *ALLOY OF GOLD MADE WITH PERCENTAGES OF SILVER, ZINC OR CADMIUM AND
                                                 HAVING   A GREENISH COLOR. USUALLY 18-24 CARAT. THREE SHADES WERE
                                                 MADE - VERT DE PRE   OR MEADOW GOLD; VERT FEUILLE OR LEAF GOLD; AND
                                                VERT D'EAU - WATER GOLD.

GREENBURG, B.B.        *JEWELRY MFG./ PROVIDENCE, RI, UNTIL 1994. DURING THE 60-70'S THEY
                                        MADE JEWELRY FOR COMPANIES LIKE KMART AND AVON.

GREENWALD, BARBARA    *NYC CONTEMPORARY JEWELRY DESIGNER OF UNUSUAL AND ONE OF A KIND
                                            JEWELRY ITEMS USING VINTAGE MATERIALS. SOLD MOSTLY IN SPECIALTY
                                             SHOPS.

GREMLIN        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR D.LISNER & CO., NEW YORK SINCE 1942

GRENOVILLE        *PARIS, FRANCE; C.1900'S: "AMBRE HINDOU", BLUET"

GRE'S, MADAME        *BORN GERMAINE BARTON, MADAME GRES FIRST LOVE WAS SCULPTURE BUT TURNED
                                    HER ARTISTIC DESIGN TO FASHION WITH HER COUTURE HOUSE IN 1930 NAMED "ALIX"
                                    SHE IS THE APPOINTED INVENTOR/DESIGNER OF THE STRAPLESS EVENING GOWN AND
                                    WRAP BATHING SUIT.

GREY GOLD                                              *ALLOY OF GOLD MADE WITH 15-20% IRON.

GRIMA, ANDREW        *JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORN IN ENGLAND IN 1921 - FOCUS IS ON JEWELRY
                                    DESIGNS WITH LARGE UNUSUAL STONES. DESIGNED A COLLECTION OF WATCHES
                                    FOR OMEGA.

GROTTO BLUE                     *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY COHN & ROSENBERGER, NEW YORK SINCE 1926


GUARD CHAIN                                          *LONG CHAIN WORN IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY TO HOLD A
                                                                 WATCH,ETC. NOW USED AS A "SAFETY CHAIN" ON BRACELETS &OTHER ITEMS

GUARD RING                                            *TYPE OF CLOSE FITTING RING USUALLY WORN AFTER A MOST PRECIOUS TO KEEP
                                                                 IT FROM FALLING OFF.  USUALLY JUST A SIMPLE HOOP OF SILVER OR
                                                                 GOLD/SOMETIMES  WITH GEMSTONES.

GUARDIAN ANGEL        *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY AXEL BROS., LONG ISLAND, NY FOR ADJUSTABLE
                                     COSTUME JEWELRY FINGER RINGS AND FINDINGS SINCE 154

GUELDY            *PARIS, FRANCE: C.1920'S: "ANTAT", lES INMOSES"

GUERLAIN        *PARIS, FRANCE: C. 1890'S: "KADINE", THE BOTTLE FOR "SILLAGE" WAS
                            HAND PAINTED WITH 18K GOLD AND INTRODUCED IN 1907.

GUERLAIN, MARCEL        *PARIS, FRANCE:C 1920'S: "CARAVELLE"

GUILLOCHE (FRENCH)                              *GEOMETRIC BAND OR BORDER WHICH OVERLAPS OR INTERLACES CIRCULAR
                                                                FORMS.  POPULAR IN THE  VICTORIAN AND RENAISSANCE PERIODS. USUALLY
                                                                USED ON JEWELRY  AND/OR OBJECTS OF VERTU AND MADE ON METAL WITH AN
                                                                ENGINE TURNING LATHE. SOME PIECES HAVE BEEN FOUND UNDERNEATH
                                                                ENAMEL MADE BY CARL FABERGE AND CALLED  TOUR ' GUILLOCHER.

GUMP, S & G        *HONOLULU, HAWAII:C. 1930'S; "HAWAIIAN NIGHT"

GUNMETAL                                               *BLUISH BLACK METAL MADE POPULAR IN EDWARDIAN TIMES. IT IS AN ALLOY OF
                                                                COPPER AND TIN. ALSO SEE GERMAN SILVER

GUTTA-PERCHA        *MADE FROM THE SAP OF A MALAYAN TREE, IT WAS DISCOVERED IN 1842 AND WAS
        INTRODUCED AT THE CRYSTAL PALACE. IT WAS DURABLE AND WAS USED EXTENSIVELY
        IN THE MAKING OF VICTORIAN JEWELRY AS WELL AS DAGUERREOTYPE CASES. IT IS
        A BROWN/BLACK IN COLOR THEREFORE MAKING IT POPULAR FOR MOURNING JEWELRY.
        IT WAS ALSO USED FOR STATUARY AND FURNITURE!


GYPSUM            *SOFT STONE WITH ALABASTER (ONYX MARBLE) AND SOAPSTONE
                             IN THE SAME FAMILY.

GYPSY EARRINGS        *SEE EARRING

GYPSY SETTING        *SO CALLED SETTING WHEN THE STONE IS SET FLUSH IN THE MOUNTING.