ORNAMENT, JEWELRY & ACCESSORY
  OJA
  P

P      *WITH A CIRCLE - JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PLAINVILLE STOCK CO.
         PLAINVILLE, MA. SINCE 1962. OTHER VARIATIONS OF "P" AND CIRCLE USED.

P  *WITHIN A DIAMOND GEOMETRIC - JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY      PRINCESS, INC. NEW YORK SINCE 1962

P  *WITH A "HAND" GRAPHIC - JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PALLISER  JEWELRY CO., INC., NEW YORK SINCE 1962

P J  *JOINED LETTERS WITHIN A SLANTING RECTANGLE - JEWELRY TRADE- MARK USED BY JAMES PERRY MFG. CO., PROVIDENCE,
        RI SINCE 1946

P  *WITHIN A SHIELD GRAPHIC - JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PAKULA  AND COMPANY OF CHICAGO SINCE 1941 -
       ACCESSORIES

PARG  *LETTERS USED WITHIN A DIAMOND GRAPHIC - JEWELRY TRADEMARK  USED BY ANDREW GATES/PARISIAN JEWELRY
              CREATORS, NEW YORK  SINCE 1962

PB  *JOINED LETTERS - JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PETER BLOS, OAKLAND, CA. SINCE 1947

P&B  *WITH 3 "HEARTS" GRAPHIC. JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PAYE & BAKER
           , NORTH ATTLEBORO, MASS. SINCE 1898. ALSO MADE SOUVENIR SPOONS,
             LAST RECORD OF COMPANY WAS IN 1935.

P C J  *WITH "CROWNED" LETTER "P". - JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY  ISIDOR GUTGOLD/PEER JEWLERY CO., NEW YORK SINCE
                                                                                1958

PA  *JOINED LETTERS - JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY  PHILIPS MFG.  CO. BROOKLYN, NY SINCE 1939

PH  *JOINED LETTERS - JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PHILIP REITER,   NEW YORK SINCE 1944 - PRIMARILY EARRINGS.

P J  *WITH CROWN GRAPHIC - JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY MEDICATED  PRODUCTS CO.,/DONALD BRUCE CO., CHICAGO, IL.
          SINCE 1953

P J C  *LETTERS JPC USED AS JEWELRY TRADEMARK BY ALBERT B. KELEMEN /PRETTY JEWELRY CO., NEW YORK SINCE 1962

PJP  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PACIFIC JEWELRY & PEARL CORP., NEW YORK SINCE 1962

P & M  *JEWELRY MFG. CO., NEW YORK C.1977

P-M JEWELRY CREATIONS *JEWELRY MFG., NEW YORK C. 1950

P.O.M.G.  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY SAVITT, INC., HARTFORD CT. SINCE 1947

PS CO  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PLAINVILLE STOCK CO., PLAINVILLE, MA  SINCE 1884

PW  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PHILLIP WOLMAN & CO., LOS ANGELES, CA. SINCE 1957


PACERETTE  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PAKULA & CO., CHICAGO, IL. SINCE 1946

PADDOCK  *USED WITH "HORSESHOE" GRAPHIC - JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY  COHN & ROSENBERGER "CORO" SINCE 1941

PADRE BEAD  *OLD BLUE-WOUND BEAD TRADED IN AMERICA POSSIBLY BY THE CHINESE.

PAGE, MARTIN  *JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORN IN 1952 IN SOUTH WALES.

PAGE PERFUMER  *PERFUMER;NY NY: 1930'S:"ENGLISH GARDEN"

PAGE, PERCY  *PERFUMER;NY NY: 1900'S: "FAIRY'S DREAM", "WISTARIA"

PAILLETTE       *TYPE OF LARGE, FLAT SEQUIN USED ON CLOTHIN

PAINE, GEORGE L. *JEWELRY MFG., NORTH ATTLEBORO, MASS. C. 1909 USED G.L.P. CO.

PAINE, WILLIAM  *JEWELRY MFG., ARGENTA, ARKANSAS C.1915

PAINE & WEBSTER  *JEWELRY MFG. PROVIDENCE, RI C.1861-STEPHEN PAINE 1862-1897

PAINT-BOX  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY COHN & ROSENBERGER, INC., NEW YORK   SINCE 1937

PAISLEY  *COMMA-SHAPED PATTERN THAT TAKES ITS NAME FROM THE TOWN OF PAISLEY
                  IN SCOTLAND - THE PAISLEY PATTERNED SHAWL WAS POPULAR DURING THE LATE
                  1800'S HOWEVER THE PATTERN WAS SAID TO ORIGINATE WITH THE MOGUL'S
                  SOMEWHERE IN THE 13-16TH CENTURIES. THE DESIGN ALSO FOUND ITS WAY TO
                  BUTTONS AND TO ENAMEL PATTERN JEWELRY ITEMS.

PAKULA  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PAKULA & CO., CHICAGO, ILL. SINCE 1932

PALAIS JEWELERS  *JEWELRY MFG., NEW YORK, NY, - PLATINUM JEWELRY

 PALEY & THOMAS, INC. *USED "MERMAID" GRAPHIC TRADEMARK - PALEY & THOMAS, NEW YORK
                                                 SINCE 1951 FOR PEARL JEWELRY.

PALLADIUM  *NAUTRAL WHITE METAL IN THE PLATINUM FAMILY.  IT DOES NOT CHANGE
                          APPEARANCE (TARNISH) AS A RESULT OF ATMOSPHERIC CHANGES AND
                          WAS MUCH CHEAPER THAN PLATINUM IN JEWELRY MAKING. IT WAS USED
                          EXTENSIVELY DURING WORLD WAR II IN PLACE OF PLATINUM BECAUSE OF
                          PLATINUM'S USEFULNESS IN MILITARY PRODUCTION.

PALM  *USED WITH GRAPHIC TRADEMARK -  RICHARD POLUMBAUM/NEW YORK  SINCE 1942

PALMER, CARL CO  *JEWLERY MFG., DULUTH, MINNESOTA, C. 1931 - EMBLEMS,MOUNTINGS

PALMER & CAPRON  *JEWELRY MFG., PROVIDENCE, RI 1845-1923  ALSO USED P & C SO.
                                         AS WELL AS OTHER VARIATIONS. PRECIOUS METAL JEWELRY.

PALMER, SOLON  *PERFUMER;NY NY: 1890'S: "GARLAND OF ROSES", "IHLANG IHLANG"

PALMOLIIVE CO  *PERFUMER;CHICAGO IL: 1920'S: "FANCHON"

PALOMAR  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PALOMAR CO., LOS ANGELES, CA. SINCE  1946

PALTER CO.  *JEWLERY MFG. NEW YORK NY, C. 1950

PAMLOFF, WM. L.  *JEWLERY MFG., NEW HAVEN, CONN. C. 1931 - CLASS PINS

PANACHE  *(PA NASH) PLUME OR BOQUET OF FEATHERS WORN ON HATS, ETC.

PANDALA ORIENTAL  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY HUMIE SINGER/SINGER INDUSTRIES,
                                            BEVERLY HILLS, CA. SINCE 1965 FOR FAUX PEARL JEWELRY.

PANETTA  *JEWELRY DESIGNER/MFG. 1945-PRESENT.  FOUNDED BY BENEDETTO
                      PANETTA FROM NAPLES, ITALY.  BENEDETTO WORKED FOR A TIME WITH
                     TRIFARI AND THEN PENNINO LATER FORMING HIS OWN COMPANY. THEY
                     USE AN EXCLUSIVE PLATING PROCESS MAKING THEIR JEWELRY TRULY
                     ELEGANT. MANY COPIES HAVE BEEN MADE OF THE ORIGINAL PANETTA
                     DESIGNS, BUT KNOWN CARRY THE EXCLUSIVE LOOK SUPERB ENOUGH
                     TO BEAR THE PANETTA NAME.
 

PAPIK & SHANTZER  *JEWELRY MFG. NEW YORK,NY C.1922-32. JAPANESE EMBLEMS/RINGS

PARADIS  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY COJEVA, INC., NEW YORK SINCE 1961

PARADISE  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY ABRAHAM ROLNICK, NEW YORK SINCE  1924 FOR PEARL JEWELRY.

PARADISSIMO  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY COJEVA, INC.,NEW YORK SINCE 1962

PARAGON (SCRIPT)  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY CORO PEARL JEWELRY SINCE 1946

PARAGON (BLOCK)  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY  RICHTON INTL. CORP., NEW YORK SINCE  1948

PARAMO  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY AUTOMATIC GOLD CHAIN CO., PROVIDENCE, R.I., SINCE 1929

PARAMOUNT WEDDNIG *JEWELRY MFG., CHICAGO, ILL. C.1930-1976. LATER BECAME HARLYN
                                               RING CO., INC. PRODUCTS.  GOLD/PLATINUM/DIAMOND SET WEDDING RINS.

PARCHER, JOAN A.  *CONTEMPORARY STUDIO JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST WHOSE FAVORITE FOCUS IS
                                       MOVEMENT AS IN THE "BALL AND HOOP" NECKLACE WHERE A BALL ON THE END
                                      OF A WIRE IS THREADED THROUGH A HOOP ON THE OTHER END. SHE ALSO FAVORS
                                       DANGLES AND SLIDE TYPE PENDULUM NECKLACES.

PARCO  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PARCO MFG. CO., PROVIDENCE,  R.I. SINCE 1946

PARIMOR  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY M. GUGGENHEIM, INC., NEW YORK,  SINCE 1920 FOR PEARL JEWELRY.

PARISIAN JEWELRY  *JEWELRY MFG., NEW YORK C.1950-65  CREATORS

PARKER & COMPANY  *JEWELRY MFG., ST. LOUIS, MO C.1930-50 - PLATINUM/GOLD JEWELRY   ALSO JSED PJCO TRADEMARK.

PARKlANE  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY OVAL MFG. CO., NEW YORK SINCE  1929 ON MENS JEWELRY.

PARN, JAAN  *JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORN 2953 IN SINDI, ESTONIA.

PARKS BROS. & ROGERS *JEWELRY MFG.,PROVIDENCE, RI C.1896-1931. MANUFACTURERS OF
                                                   THE "CLOVERETTE" BRACELET, "PARKROGER" CUFF LINKS, LEVER
                                                   LINKS AND JIFFY LINK. GOLD AND GOLD FILLED CUFF BUTTONS.
                                                   ALSO USED THE HORSESHOE WITH CLOVER/VARIATIONS AS A
                                                   TRADEMARK.

PARQUET  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY TRIFARI, KRUSSMAN & FISHEL, INC., NEW YORK FOR "BEACH" JEWELRY SINCE 1929.

PAQUIN  *PERFUMER;LONDON ENGLAND, PARIS FRANCE:1930'S:"EVER AFTER"

PARK & TILFORD  *PERFUMER;NY NY: 1930'S: "CHERISH"

PARRY & PARRY INC.  *JEWELRY MFG. SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH, C.1921-65.

PARTRIDGE, FRED I.  *ARTS AND CRAFTS MOVEMENT  METALWORKER AND JEWELER FROM APPROX.
                                          1900-1908. WORKED WITH CHARLES ASHBEE AND WAS GREATLY INFLUENCED
                                          BY LALIQUE.  HIS MARK IS "PARTRIDGE".

PARTRIDGE, MAY HART *JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORN IN ENGLAND (D1917). WIFE OF FRED PARTRIDGE.

PARURE  *JEWELRY SET OF SEVERAL MATCHING PIECES OR SOMETIMES ONE VERY  ELABORATE PIECE OF JEWELRY WITH
                   SEVERAL SECTIONS OR  ORNAMENTATION.

PASHLEY & BOWER  *JEWELRY MFG., SEATTLE, WASHINGTON C.1931/PLATINUM JEWELRY.

PASSARO, EDWARD  *JEWELRY MFG., NEWARK, NJ C.1930

PASSEMENTERIE  *TRIM - USUALLY HEAVY GOLD OR SILVER GIMP, BRAID OR CORD. USED  ON DRAPERIES, UPHOLSTERY, COATS,
                                     ETC.

PASTE  *PASTE JEWELRY IS ACTUALLY GLASS IMITATING FACETED GEMSTONES.
                PREDECESSOR TO RHINESTONES. PASTE WAS NOT USED TO IMITATE
                PRECIOUS JEWELRY. PASTE JEWELRY IS BECOMING VERY COLLECTIBLE
                IN IT'S OWN RIGHT.

PATCHWORK  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY AVON PRODUCTS, NEW YORK SINCE  1971

PATE DE VERRE  *GLASS THAT RESEMBLES JADE OR GEMSTONES.. FRENCH.


PATENT DATES  *APPROXIMATE PATENT DATES OF JEWELRY
                                                             1870 - 1880       PATENT #'S    98,460  -  223,210
                                                             1880 - 1890                                223,211  -  418,664
                                                             1890 - 1900                                418,665  -  640,166
                                                             1900 - 1910                                 640,167  - 945,009
                                                             1910  - 1920                                945,010  - 1,326,898
                                                             1920 - 1930                               1,326,899 - 1,742,180
                                                             1930 - 1945                               1,742,181  - 2,366,154


PATERNOSTER  *LARGER BEADS ON A ROSARY

PATIENCE'S, HARRY B. *&SONS. PITTSTON, PA. - MFG. OF SULPHUR/COAL JEWELRY C.1931

PATINA  *THE SURFACE TEXTURE USUALLY ACQUIRED WITH AGE. A SOFTENING.

 PATOU, JEAN  *PERFUMER;PARIS FRANCE: 1920'S: "JEAN PATOU", "SNOB"

 PATSTONE, LEWIS  *JEWELRY MFT., PROVIDENCE, RI 1890-1897

 PATTERNS  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY AVON PRODUCTS, INC., NEW YORK,  SINCE 1971

PAUA SHELL  *COMES FROM THE MOLLUSK IN THE HALIOTIS FAMILY. THE NACRE IS BRIGHT
                            BLUE/GREEN/PURPLE AND PINK  ITS IRIDESCENCE MAKES IT POPULAR FOR USE
                            IN CABOCHON JEWELRY ITEMS.

PAUL CARVER  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY J.F. STURDY'S SONS CO., ATTLEBORO,  MA. SINCE 1954

PAUL MORRIS FIFTH AVE. *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PAUL MORRIS, NEW YORK SINCE 1949

PAULETTE  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY EARL WILSON, NEW YORK SINCE 1945  FOR FAUX PEARL JEWELRY.

PAVAN, FRANCESCO  *JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORN 1937 IN PADUA, ITALY. FOCUS IS GOLDSMITHING.

PAVE  *REFERS TO SMALL RHINESTONES OR GEMSTONES PLACED SO CLOSE TOGETHER
             THAT BARELY ANY METAL OR SETTING SHOWS BETWEEN THE MOUNTINGS.

PEABODY, ZACK  *CONTEMPORARY STUDIO JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST WITH DESIGNSF FEATURING AN
                                    ENGINEERED, STRUCTURAL LOOK SOMETIMES USING BOLTS AND SCREWS ALL COMBINED
                                    IN A DURABLE METAL "ERECTOR-SET" LOOK.

PEACOCK, C.D.  *JEWELRY MFG. 1837-1970(SOLD TO DAYTON-HUDSON) ORIGINALLY
                                 LOCATED IN CHICAGO, ILL.. EARLY JEWELRY WAS TRINKET TYPE AND
                                 SOLD TO TRAPPERS. MOST ITEMS STAMPED WITH COMPANY NAME.


PEARL  *NATURALLY FORMED INSIDE THE PEARL OYSTER AND HARVESTED FOR
               USE IN JEWELRY. ALSO SEE CULTURED PEARL; BAROQUE PEARLS,
              ARTIFICIAL PEARLS (GLASS BEADS WITH PEARLIZED COATING)  THE WAY
              TO TELL A NATURAL PEARL IS TO RUB THE PEARL ACROSS YOUR FRONT
              TEETH. A NATURAL PEARL WILL MAKE A GRATING SOUND WHERE ANY
              OTHER WILL FEEL SMOOTH. BECAUSE OF THEIR ORGANIC NATURE, PEARLS
              ARE AFFECTED BY HEAT OR DRY AIR.  THEY ARE LUBRICATED, HOWEVER,
              BY THE NATURAL OILS OF THE BODY OF THE WEARER.
              BECAUSE OF THEIR ROUND AND LUSTROUS FORM, PEARLS HAVE LONG
              BEEN ASSOCIATED WITH THE MOON AND CANCER, CELESTIAL SIGN OF THE
              OCEAN.  HOWEVER NOW THE PEARL IS THE SIGNIFICANT STONE FOR JUNE
             ALONG WITH THE MOONSTONE AND ALEXANDRITE.
             MEDICINALLY THE PEARL WAS THOUGHT TO PURIFY AND WAS GROUND UP
             AND INGESTED FOR MANY AILMENTS.

             COLORS OF THE PEARL ALSO HAD SPECIAL MEANINGS IN THE
              MIDDLE AGES:
             GOLD PEARL AS AN EMBLEM OF WEALTH
             WHITE AS AN EMBLEM OF IDEALISM
             BLACK AS AN EMBLEM OF PHILOSOPHY
             PINK AS AN EMBLEM OF BEAUTY
             RED AS AN EMBLEM OF HEALTH AND ENERGY
            GREY AS AN EMBLEM OF THOUGHT

            THE PEARL SYMBOLIZED TEARS IN RENAISSANCE EUROPE AND IN SOME
            CULTURES THE PEARL SYMBOLIZED CHASTITY WHEN WORN AT THE NECK.
            ALSO SEE CULTURED PEARL.

            FOR MORE ON THE SYMBOLS AND POWERS OF GEMSTONES WE SUGGEST
           "THE POWER OF JEWELRY"BY NANCY SCHIFFER.



PEARL, CULTURED  *PEARL GROWN IN OYSTER SHELL UNDER CONTROLLED CONDITIONS.

PEARL EMPIRE  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR JEWEL-SMITHS, INC., BOSTON, MA. SINCE  1956.

PEARL, FISH  *IMITATION PEARL USED FOR BUTTONS AND ORNAMENTS MADE FORM FISH SCALES.

PEARL-GLO  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR WHITE PEARL CO., PAWTUCKET, RI SINCE 1943

PEARL, ROMAN  *IMITATION PEARL MADE FROM A GLASS BALL FILLED WITH WAX AND THEN  COATED WITH A LUSTER

PEARL, SEED  *TINY PEARLS (FAUX OR REAL) USED IN THE PAVE STYLE OR AS EDGING.

PEARL, VENETIAN  *AN IMITATION PEARL MADE FROM GLASS.

PEARLACE  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR MARTIN A. KLEIN, NEW YORK SINCE 1924 FOR  PEARL JEWELRY.

PEARSON, RONALD H. *JEWELRY DESIGNER BORN IN 1924 AND ONE OF THE FOUNDERS OF SHOP I IN ROCHESTER NY.
                                              HIS DESIGNS ARE FORGED OR CAST SILVER OR GOLD AND IS SIMILAR TO THE
                                              SCANDANAVIAN STYLES.

PEBBLE JEWELRY  *REFERS TO SCOTTISH JEWELRY WHICH IS SET WITH NATIVE SCOTLAND STONES.
                                    USUALLY DONE IN SILVER. POPULAR DURING THE VICTORIAN ERA. THE THISTLE
                                    WAS ALSO A POPULAR MOTIF.

PEBBLE-TONE  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR JOSEPH H. MEYER BROS., BROOKLYN, NY SINCE 1958

PECHE, DAGOBERT  *JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORN 1886 IN AUSTRIA (D1923)

PECTORAL  *ORNAMENT HANGING ACROSS THE CHEST. USUALLY VERY LARGE.

PEE-WEE  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY BRUNER-RITTER, INC., NEW YORK  FOR CHILDREN'S JEWELRY SINCE 1948

PEERLESS (SCRIPT) *JEWELRY TRADEMARK FOR KESTENMAN BROS. MFG. CO., PROVIDENCE  RI SINCE 1933

PEERLESS (BLOCK)                  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY THE WOLFSON COMPANY/PEEERLESS
                                                         WOLFSON , CHICAGO, IL. SINCE 1912
 

PEKING GLASS     *GLASS LAMPWORK BEADS FROM CHINA WITH A PATTERN OF BUBBLES
                                    AND RECOGNIZEABLE WHITE CLAY INSIDE THE BEAD HOLE. USUALLY WORN
                                    AS A FOCUS ORNAMENT IN A NECKLACE.

PELL  *JEWELRY MFG./DESIGNER 1941-PRESENT. FOUNDED IN 1941 BY BILL, TONY, JOE
             AND ALFRED GAITA. MOST EARLY JEWELRY BY PELL WAS CLEAR RHINESTONES.
             AND USUALLY FIGURURAL. THE FIRM REMAINS IN BUSINESS IN BROOKLYN AND
             SPECIALIZES IN PEARL AND GOLD JEWELRY.

PELS-JONES  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PELS-JONES, NEW YORK SINCE 1920   (PERFECT JEWELRY)

PELTANIUM  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY BARCLAY CO., PROVIDENCE, RI SINCE  1953

PENDANT  *ORNAMENTAL OBJECT HANGING FROM A CORD OR CHAIN AROUND THE
                       NECK. MADE OF MANY MATERIALS. ALSO USED TO REFER TO "PENDANT
                       EARRINGS" L- EARRINGS WITH DANGLING ORNAMENTS.

PENDANT CASE  *COMPACT OR OTHER ACCESSORY THAT IS SUSPENDED FROM A CHAIN

PENN, BEVERLY  *CONTEMPORARY STUDIO JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST FOCUSING ON THE
                                  ARCHAEOLOGICAL REVIVAL FORMS OF ADORNMENT. HER JEWERLY FOCUSES
                                  ON THE TELLING CULTURAL EVENTS.

PENNINO  *JEWELRY DESIGNER/MFG. 1930-1961/ORESTS PENNINO/PENNINO BROS.  NEW YORK. ALSO USED SIGNS OF THE ZODIAC.

PENNY, J.C. CO.  *PERFUMER;WILMINGTON DE: 1930'S: "CHALON", "LEELON"

PERE ORECK  *USED "EQYPTIAN PROFILE" AS JEWELRY TRADEMARK. LOCATED IN  SANFRANCISCO, CA. C. 1948

PERFUME  *SUBSTANCE WITH A PLEASANT FRAGRANCE; USUALLY LIQUID IN FORM;
                      FRAGRANCE CAN BE EITHER NATURAL FROM FLOWERS/PLANTS OR  SYNTHETIC.

PERFUME BEADS  *BEADS MADE WITH AN ADDED FRAGRANT OIL SUCH AS ROSE PETALS

PERIDOT  *LIGHT GREEN TRANSPARENT SEMI PRECIOUS STONE AND A FORM OF THE
                     MINERAL CHRYSOLITE.  THE COLOR CAN ACTUALLY VARY FROM LIGHT
                     TO OLIVE OR YELLOW/GREEN OR MORE BROWN IF IRON IS PRESENT.
                     THE DEEPER GREEN PERIDOT IS REFERRED TO AS THE "EVENING
                     EMERALD". ANCIENT CULTURES CONSIDERED THE PERIDOT TO BE THE
                    "GEM OF THE SUN".  IT HAD MANY POWERS INCLUDING BANISHING NIGHT
                    PANICS.  MEDICINALLY THE PERIDOT WAS GROUND AND USED AS A CURE
                    FOR ASTHMA. PERIDOT IS A SOFT STONE AND IS DIFFICULT TO WEAR AS
                   AS RING. IT IS ALSO AFFECTED BY EXCESSIVE HEAT.

PERIOD  *IN THE SPECIAL STYLE OF A CERTAIN PERIOD OF TIME.

PERIODS, JEWELRY  *GENERALLY, THE FOLLOWING ARE CONSIDERD PERIODS FOR THE
                                          PURPOSES OF DATING AND CLASSIFYING JEWELRY.

                                                              GEORGIAN                                     1714-1837
                                                              EARLY VICTORIAN                           1837-1860
                                                              MID VICTORIAN                                1860-1880
                                                              LATE VICTORIAN                              1880-1901
                                                              ART NOUVEAU                                 1880-1914
                                                              ARTS AND CRAFTS                         1890-1914
                                                              EDWARDIAN                                    1901-1910
                                                              ART DECO                                        1920-1940
                                                              RETRO                                              1935-1950
                           PERIOD JEWELRY IS THAT DEFINED BY A SPECIFIC PERIOD IN HISTORY.
                           SEE SPECIFIC PERIOD LISTINGS FOR MOTIFS AND STYLES OF THAT  ERA.
 

PERKINS, DOROTHY  *PERFUMER;ST. LOUIS MO: 1940'S: "MEMOIRS"

PERKY MODES  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY SPERRY MFG., PROVIDENCE, RI SINCE      1949

PERLES DE LUNE  *JEWLERY TRADEMARK USED BY KRAMER JEWELRY CREATIONS, INC.,
                                    NEW YORK SINCE 1962 FOR PEARL JEWELRY.

PERLTRIX  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY L. HELLER a& SON, INC., NEW YORK SINCE 1949

PERMA CLAD  *JEWLERY TRADEMARK USED BY DAVINCI CREATIONS INC., PROVIDENCE, RI  SINCE 1965

PERMAWEAR  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY KESTENMAN BROS., PROVIDENCE, RI  SINCE 1933

PERRY, A.S.  *JEWELRY MFG., ATLANTA, GA. SINCD 1946. USED  ROMAN NUMERAL 2
                          AS TRADEMARK WITHIN A GRAPHIC DISPLAY.

PERSIAN WOOD  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY AVON PRODUCTS, NEW YORK SINCE 1971

PERSONALITY  *JEWLERY TRADEMARK USED BY UNITED DISTRIBUTORS, CHICAGO, IL.(SCRIPT MARK)   SINCE 1945

PERSONALITY (BLOCK) *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY UNCAS MFG. CO., PROVIDENCE, RI SINCE 1941

PERSONETTES  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY CORO, INC., NEW YORK SINCE 1950

PERSSON, SIGURD  *JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORN 1914 IN SWEDEN.

PETE N TWEET  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY ALPHA-CRAFT CO., NEW YORK SINCE 1945

PETER, VLADIMIR  *JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORN 1947 IN BUDAPEST, HUNGARY.

PETITE  * FRENCH WORD MEANING SMALL OR DIMINUTIVE.

PETIT POINT  *SMALL NEEDLEPOINT STITCH

PEWTER  *GREY METAL USED IN JEWELRY, LATE VICTORIAN, EDWARDIAN, ARTS AND CRAFTS TYPE.


PHILLA  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PHILADELPHIA BADGE CO.,      PHILADELPHIA,PA., SINCE 1947 FOR FINDINGS ONLY.

PHILIPS, BY  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PHILLIPS MFG., BROOKLYN, NY SINCE  1939 INCLUDING MENS CUFF LINK JEWELRY.

PHOENIX  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY JOSEPH H. MEYER BROS., BROOKLYN, NY SINCE 1938

PHYLACTERY  *(FI LACK TER E) AN AMULET OR CHARM WORN AS A PROTECTION AGAINST  CERTAIN DANGERS OR DISEASES.

PHYLLIS  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PHYLLIS ORIGINALS, INC. PROVIDENCE,  RI SINCE 1946


PICASSO, PABLO  *JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORN 1881 IN SPAIN (D1973). ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS
                                     ARTISTS OF THE 20TH CENTURY HE SPENT MOST OF HIS LIFE IN FRANCE. HE WAS  A
                                     CREATOR IN THE ART OF CUBISM. HIS ARTISTIC TALENTS WERE MANY AND VARIED.

PICASSO PALOMA  *DAUGHTER OF THE FAMOUS ARTIST "PICASSO" SHE TURNS HER ARTISTIC EXPERTISE
                                        TOWARDS THE FASHION ACCESSORY FIELD AS WELL AS PERFUME AND JEWELRY.

PIERRE, ANDRE  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY ROYAL OF PITTSBURG, INC., PITTSBURG,  ORIGINALS   PA SINCE 1962

PIGUET, ROBERT  *PERFUMER; PARIS FRANCE: 1940'S: "ESCLAVE"

PIJANOWSKI, GENE AND HIROKO *CONTEMPORARY STUDIO JEWELRY DESIGNERS/ARTISTS AS WELL AS HUSBAND AND WIFE
                                                                    TURNING THEIR SEPARATE ARTISTIC ABILITIES INTO A BLEND OF EAST AND WEST.
                                                                    THEY INCORPORATE SOME JAPANESE TECHNIQUES INTO THEIR DESIGNS.

PIK  *JEWLERY TRADEMARK USED BY PIK MFG., NEW YORK SINCE 1948

PIK-KWIK  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY ROBERT M. MANDLE CORP., NEW  ROCHELLE, NY SINCE 1954

PIN  *DEVICE USED FOR JOINING/HOLDING TWO OR MORE ITEMS TOGETHER. ORNAMENT HAVING A PIN AS A FASTENER.

PIN, BABY  *A MINATURE BAR PIN SOMETIMES USED FOR FASTENING OR ADORNING  AN INFANTS OUTFIT.

PIN, BAR  *A NARROW ELONGATED PIN, USUALLY ORNAMENTAL.

PIN, BREAST  *USUALLY REFERS TO AN ORNAMENTAL BROOCH WORN ON THE CHEST  AREA.

PIN, BROOCH  *LARGE ORNAMENTAL PIN WORN ON DRESS OR COAT.

PIN, CAMEO  *SEE CAMEO

PIN, CHATELAINE  *(SHAT EH LEN) WORN ON LAPEL OR CHEST WITH A HOOK ON THE BACK WHICH SECURES
                                    A WATCH. ALSO REFERS TO TWO PINS JOINED BY SINGLE OR DOUBLE
                                    CHAINS. SOMETIMES CALLED A FOB PIN.

PIN, CLIP  *USUALLY REFERS TO TWO CLIPS FASTENED TOGETHER BY A PIN AND
                     ABLE TO BE WORN AS 2 CLIPS OR A SINGLE BROOCH. ALSO REFERRED
                     TO AS A DUOCLIP.

PIN, COLLAR  *USUALLY REFERS TO THE TYPE PIN INSERTED THROUGH THE HOLES IN THE
                             POINTS OF A SHIRT COLLAR. FIRST USED BY MEN IN THE LATE 1800'S.

PIN, DRESSMAKER  *STRAIGHT PIN USED IN TAILORING DELICATE FABRICS AND BASTEING.

PIN, DUET  *TWO PINS WORN AS A SET.

PIN, EYE  *JEWELERY FINDING PIN WITH LOOPED END USED FOR LINKAGE AND DANGLES
                    IN BEADING.

PIN, FIBULA  *AN ORNAMENTAL BROOCH THAT FASTENS LIKE A SAFETY PIN. THIS WAS
                           USED ORIGINALLY BY THE GREEKS SINCE AROUND 2000 BC AND
                           WERE SOMETIMES ELABORATELY DECORATED.

PIN, FLAT  *JEWELRY FINDING PIN WITH ONE FLAT END USED IN BEADING.

PIN, FRATERNITY  *ESPECIALLY MADE FOR A PARTICULAR ORGANIZATION. SOMETIMES INCLUDES
                                     GREEK LETTERS AND COMMON STYLE IS BLACK ONYX WITH ORGANIZATION
                                      LOGO.

PIN, FRIENDSHIP  *USUALLY REFERS TO THE SAFETY PINS FASTENED TO SHOELACES WHERE
                                    TINY BEADS HAVE BEEN THREADED ONTO THE PIN. USUALLY THE COLOR
                                    OF THE BEADS HAVE SPECIAL MEANINGS.

PIN, HAIR  *PIN USED IN THE HAIR - VARYING IN SIZE; USUALLY FORKED OR
                      PRONGED FOR INSERTING AND HOLDING THE HAIR IN PLACE.
                      SOMETIMES DECORATED WITH PEARLS OR RHINESTONES.

PIN, HAT  *LONG STRAIGHT PIN 3-13" LONG WITH AN ORNAMENTAL HEAD. ORIGINALLY USED
                    TO SECURE HATS IN THE LATE 19TH CENTURY - HAIR WAS LONG AND OFTEN PILED
                    UNDER HAT SO INSERTION OF THE PIN WAS THROUGH THE HAT AND HAIR. THESE
                    PINS BECAME LESS POPULAR WHEN SHORTER HAIR CAME INTO VOGUE.
 

PIN, KILT  *SHAPED LIKE A SAFETY PIN BUT SOMETIMES MORE ORNATE AND USED ORIGINALLY
                      TO SECURE THE SCOTTISH KILT.

PIN, LAPEL  *USUALLY REFERS TO A WOMEN'S PIN WORN ON A SUIT LAPEL, HOWEVER THE TERM
                        HAS COME TO APPLY TO ANY MEDIUM SIZED PIN.

PIN,MOURNING  *USUALLY REFERS TO A STEEL PIN HAVING A DULL, BLACK COLOR.
                                  SOMETIMES USED TO FASTEN MOURNING VEILS AND WORN DURING
                                  THE MOURNING PERIOD. POPULARIZED DURING THE 1800'S BY
                                  QUEEN VICTORIA. ALSO SEE MOURINING JEWELRY.

PIN, SAFETY  *UTILITARIAN PIN WITH AN ELLIPTICAL SHAPE WITH HEAD AND CLOSURE  ON ONE END.
                            SOMETIMES USED AS A PART OF OTHER TYPE PIN DESIGNS.

PIN, SORORITY  *SAME AS FRATERNAL PIN

PIN, STICKPIN  *LONG, STRAIGHT PIN SMALLER THAN A HATPIN, BUT ORNAMENTAL
                               AND USED IN A TIE,SCARF, ETC. FOR FASTENING.

PIN, STRAIGHT  *UTILITARIAN PIN WITH SHARP END AND SMALL FLAT HEAD. USED IN TAILORING

PIN, SUNBURST  *BROOCH SET WITH JEWELS OR RHINESTONES THAT RADIATE FROM A   CENTRAL POINT.

PIN, TIE  *USED TO SECURE A TIE OR SCARF IN PLACE.

PIN O GRAM  *JEWLERY TRADEMARK USED BY LORBER NOVELTY CO., NEW YORK   SINCE 1956

PIN T ACS  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY VERITE JEWELS LTD., NEW YORK SINCE 1962

PIN WHEEL  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY WALTER LAMPL, NEW YORK SINCE   1945.

PINAFORE  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK  USED BY COHN & ROSENBERGER, INC., NEW  YORK SINCE 1940

PINAUD, ED.  *PERFUMER;PARIS FRANCE:1890'S: "AKITA", "PRELUDE"

PINCH PIN  *JEWLERY TRADEMARK USED BY REJA, INC., NEW YORK SINCE 1949   (SEE REJA)

PINCHBECK  *VICTORIAN ALLOY IN IMITATION OF GOLD. MADE OF COPPER AND ZINC, IT
                          WAS DISCOVERED BY CHRISTOPHER PINCHBECK (1670-1732), A LONDON
                          WATCHMAKER.  IT WAS USED FOR THE LESS IMPORTANT ITEMS AND TO
                          IMMITATE THE MORE EXPENSIVE GOLD PIECES.  PINCHBECK DID NOT
                         TARNISH AND THE OBJECTS CRAFTED REMAINED EXCEPTIONALLY
                          BEAUTIFUL.  IT WAS USED FOR WATCHS, CHATELAINES, BUCKLES, BAR
                          PINS AND BROOCHES TO NAME A FEW USES.  THE METHOD OF
                          MAKING PINCHBECK DIED WITH EDWARD PINCHBECK, CHRISTOPHER'S
                         SON. ELECTROGILDING, PLATING TOOKS ITS PLACE IN JEWELRY MAKING.
                         PINCHBECK IS VERY COLLECTIBLE BUT GENUINE PIECES ARE FEW.

PINLESS PIN  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY FASHION CRAFT JEWELRY CO., INC.  NEW YORK SINCE 1945

PINOCCHIO  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY WALT DISNEY PRODUCTIONS FOR
                            RELATIVE JEWLERY. LOS ANGELES, CA. SINCE 1939

PINTA PRODUCTS  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USEDBY PINTA PRODUCTS, INC., JOHNSTON, RI  SINCE 1962. ALSO USED A SHIP
                                       GRAPHIC.

PINTON, MARIO  *JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORN 1919 IN PADUA, ITALY.

PIONEER  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY TAUNTON PEARL WORKS,  TAUNTON, MA.  SINCE 1921


PLACE VENDOME  *JEWLERY TRADEMARK USED BY AMERICAN & CONTINENTAL PAT. PRODUCTS, INC., NEW YORK SINCE 1941

PLASTIC                                  *MADE MADE MATERIALS USED FOR COUNTLESS APPLICATIONS
                                                    AS WELL AS JEWELRY AND BEAD ORNAMENTATION.
                                                    SEE VARIOUS TYPES, BAKELITE, CELLULOID, CASEIN, PYRLIN

PLATINEX  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY ACCESSOCRAFT PRODUCTS, NEW   YORK SINCE 1940

PLATINUM   *DISCOVERD IN RUSSIA AND HOLDING A VALUE EXCEEDING GOLD, IT IS
                         ONE OF THE HEAVIEST METALS, ALWAYS REMAINING BRIGHT.
                         UNTIL RECENTLY THERE WAS NO REGULATION REGARDING HALLMARKING
                         OF PLATINUM BUT MOST RECENT PIECES HAVE "PT" FOLLOWING THE
                         CARAT.  DURING WWII PLATINUM WAS RESTRICTED BECAUSE OF ITS MILITARY
                         USEFULNESS AND PALADIUM WAS USED FOR MOST JEWELRY.

PLEXIGLASS  *TRADEMARK FOR A THERMOPLASTIC  RESIN USED IN ACCESSORY CASES, PURSES, ETC.



 

POCHET DU COURVAL  *FRENCH GLASSWORKS LOCATED IN NORMANDY SINCE 1623. THEIR TRADEMARK ON BOTTLES IS "H P "
                                               OR "HP".

POCKETBOOK  *SEE HANDBAG

POIRET, PAUL  *FRENCH PERFUMER AND FASHION DESIGNER. - "LE BALCON"  EARLY 1900'S
                               KNOWN FOR HIS EXQUISITE PACKAGING AND MARKETING SKILLS.

POISON RING  *USED DURING THE 16 AND 17TH CENTURY, THEY HAD A HINGED BOX
                              USUALLY HIDDEN IN THE DECORATION WHERE POISON COULD BE
                              CARRIED IN CASE OF IMPRISONMENT OR TORTURE. SOME HAD A
                              PROJECTING PIN THAT WHEN SCRATCHING SOMEONE COULD CAUSE
                              DEATH.  SUCH RINGS WERE LATER USED TO CARRY POMADES,
                              RELIGIOUS SYMBOLS, MEMORIALS, ETC.

POLCINI  *JEWELRY DESIGNER FROM ITALY - RALPH POLCINI - FOUNDED "LEADING
                    JEWELRY" IN 1911. IN 1949 IT WAS RENAMED "LEDO". HIS SON,DAMON ,LED THE
                    BUSINESS IN 1954 AND RENAMED IT "POLCINI". HIS DESIGNS FEATURED HAND SET STONES
                    ALONG WITH ALL QUALITY MATERIALS. DAMON DIED IN 1984 SEVERAL YEARS
                    AFTER THE COMPANY HAD CEASED BUSINESS. PAMELA POLCINI HAS RETURNED
                    TO HER FATHER'S BUSINESS AND IS PRODUCING SOME OF THE CLASSICAL
                    DESIGNS.

POLYCHROME              *MANY COLORED

POM  *JEWLERY TRADEMARK USED BY REUBEN POMERANTZ JEWELRY CO.
              NEW YORK SINCE 1962. (INSIDE UPSIDE/DOWN TRIANGLE)

POMANDER  *CONTAINER/RECEPTACLE FOR AROMATIC SUBSTANCE SOMETIMES
                           WORN AS A PENDANT OR  TO TREAT A PERSON FOR DISEASE.

POMERANTZ H. CO. * JEWELRY DESIGNER MFG. LATE 1800'S (SEE POM)

POMODORO, ARNALDO *JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORN 1926 IN ITALY.

POMPADOUR  *JEWLERY TRADEMARK USED BY RAND BROS., NEW YORK SINCE 1940

POMPEIAN CO.  *MFG. OF POMPEIAN COSMETICS/ACCESSORY. LOCATED IN CLEVELAND, OHIO. C. 1920'S

PONTIAC  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY PONTIAC CO., NEWARK, NJ SINCE  1930

POOPED PUSSY CAT  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY HATTIE CARNEGIE, NEW YORK SINCE  1965

POOPED POODLE  *JEWELRYTRADEMARK USED BY HATTIE CARNEGIE, NEW YORK SINCE  1965.

PORTRAIT CASE  *CASE OR COMPACT THAT FEATURES A PLACE FOR A PHOTOGRAPH.

POSY RING  *RING THAT CARRIES A  DESIGN WITH HIDDEN MESSAGE OR
                          INSCRIPTION.  ALSO REFERRED TO AS A MOTTO OR CHANSON RING.
                          THE "POSY" DOES NOT ESPECIALLY REFER TO THE DESIGN BUT IS
                          FROM THE LATIN "POESIE"

POWDER-BLEND  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY D. LISNER & CO., NEW YORK SINCE
                                    1940 FOR FAUX PEARL JEWELRY.

POWDER DISK COMPACT *THE CASE HAS A HOLE IN THE BOTTOM TO ALLOW POWDER REPLACEMENT.
 

POWERS, JOHN ROBERT *PERFUMER;NY NY: 1950'S: "ESPIRIT DE NUIT"


PRAIRIE  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY MUTUAL SUSPENDER AND BELT CO.,/ PRAIRIE MFG., YONKERS, NY SINCE 1949

PRAYER BEADS  *USED BY CHRISTIANS, MUSLIMS, HINDU AND BUDDHIST AS COUNTING
                                  BEADS AS AN AID IN RECITING THEIR PRAYERS.

PRECIOUS ALL VAN DELL *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY VAN DELL CORP. PROVICENCE RI  SINCE 1941.

PRECIOUS JEWELS  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY MEDICATED PRODUCTS/DONALD BRUCE  CO., CHICAGO, IL SINCE 1953

PRECIOUS PRETENDERS *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY AVON PRODUCTS, NEW YORK SINCE 1970

PRECIOUS STONES  *USUALLY REFERS TO DIAMONDS, RUBIES, EMERALDS AND SAPPHIRES.
                                         HOWEVER MORE COMMON USE IS FOR ALL GEMSTONES FORMED IN THE
                                         EARTH BEFORE MANKIND.

PRESTIGE  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY CORO, NEW YORK SINCE 1948

PRESTON, PAUL  *JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORN 1943 IN LEEDS, ENGLAND.

PRETENDER, THE  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY WEINREICH BROS. CO., NEW YORK   SINCE 1949

PREVUE JEWELS  *JEWLERY TRADEMARK USED BY JEWEL-SMITHS, INC., BOSTON, MASS  SINCE 1946

PRIMA DONNA  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY MARK DOTTENHEIM, NEW YORK SINCE  1919 FOR PEARL JEWELRY.

PRINCE DE CHANY  *PERFUMER;PARIS FRANCE: 1930'S: "EMOTION",MYSTERY GARDENIA"

PRINCESS ANN  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY CLEINMAN & SONS, INC., PROVIDENCE,  RI SINCE 1954

PRINCESS MARCELLA BORGHESE *PERFUMER; ROME ITALY: 1961: "ECCO"

PRINCESS PAT  *ACCESSORY MFG./FACE POWDER, LIPSTICK, ETC. C.1930'S.

PRINCESS PRIDE  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY MEDICATED PRODUCTS/DONALD BRUCE CO., CHICAGO, IL. SINCE 1953

PRISCILLA  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY EISENSTADT MFG. CO., ST. LOUIS, MO.  SINCE 1922. OTHER VARIATIONS USED SINCE
                        1914

PRISCILLA PEARLS  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY RALPH H. BODMAN, NYAHNIS, MASS.
                                        SINCE 1921 FOR PEARL JEWELRY USING FISH SCALES.

PROFILE  *SIDE VIEW

PROGRESSIVE RING CO. *RING MFG., PROVIDENCE, RI C.1931. USED GRAPHIC TRADEMARK.

PROVENANCE  *USUALLY REFERS TO THE HISTORY OR ORIGIN/OWNER OF AN ITEM. IN JEWELRY
                               IT USUALLY REFERS TO THE PREVIOUS OWNER I.E. JACKIE KENNEDY, MARILYN
                               MONROE, ETC. SOMETIMES "PROVENANCE" WILL ADD TO THE "SALES" VALUE,
                               NOT NECESSARILY THE "TRUE" VALUE.

PRUTSCHER, OTTO  *1880-1961 JEWELRY DESIGNER AND ARCHITECT. MARK "OP" IN SQUARE MONOGRAM

PRYTZ-KITTELSEN, GRETE *JEWELRY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORN 1917 IN OSLO, NORWAY.


PUIG CUYAS, RAMON  *JEWERLY DESIGNER/ARTIST BORN 1953 IN BARCELONA, SPAIN.

PUNCH N JUDY  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY ALPHA CRAFT, INC., NEW YORK SINCE  1946

PURPLE SAGE, THE  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY OBER MFG. CO., PAWTUCKET, RI SINCE  1946

PURSE  *SEE HANDBAG

PURSE KIT  *FABRIC OR PLASTIC CASE USUALLY WITH SNAP OR ZIPPER CLOSURE TO  CARRY COSMETICS IN PURSE.

PURSE MOULD  *NAME FOR BEADED VICTORIAN PURSES THAT WERE MADE AROUND A   USUALLY WOODEN PURSE MOLD.

PUTTI  *FIGURE USED IN ORNAMENTATION. SEE CHERUB


PYRALART  *JEWELRY TRADEMARK USED BY FOSTER-GRANT CO., INC., LEOMINSTER  MASS. SINCE 1930

PYRITE  *(FOOLS' GOLD) METALLIC LOOKING STONE SOMETIMES CONFUSED WITH
                  MARCASITE.